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The photochemistry of a major commercial polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardant congener, 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromodiphenyl ether (BDE153), was investigated in acetonitrile, distilled water, and seawater. After a short irradiation period in acetonitrile at 302 nm, the major photoproducts of BDE153 included 2,2',4,4',5-(BDE99),(More)
Both NADH- and NADPH-dependent Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase activities with potential uses as biocatalysts for biotransformations are present to different extents throughout the growth of Pseudomonas putida NCIMB 10007 on (+)-camphor. The two activities give a different pattern of stereoselective oxygenations with various mono- and bicyclic ketone(More)
Induction of apoptosis is one of the mechanisms of chemotherapeutic agents against breast cancer. In addition, recent studies have shown that diets containing polyphenolic components possess anticancer activities either in vitro or in vivo by inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis. The aim of our study was to explore the effects of(More)
AIM This study was conducted to evaluate the toxic effect of gossypol from gossypol-acetic acid, and (+)- and (-)-isomers of gossypol on the growth of Edwardsiella ictaluri. METHODS AND RESULTS Inhibitory effect of various concentrations of gossypol on the growth of E. ictaluri was determined. Bacterial recovery was performed by preincubation of bacteria(More)
1-Acyl-7-nitroindolines have been found to be useful photoactivated protecting groups for rapid release of carboxylates in aqueous solution. Mechanistic details of carboxylic acid photorelease from model compounds in solutions of varying H2O-CH3CN composition are now reported, using data from product studies, deuterium isotope effects, kinetic studies(More)
Natural gossypol (GP), a polyphenolic pigment in cottonseed, is a racemic mixture of two enantiomers, (+)GP and (-)GP. Our aim was to compare the abilities of (+/-)GP, (+)GP and (-)GP to reduce proliferation of breast cancerous epithelial cells (cEC) and cancerous stromal cells (cSC). Proliferation was measured by 3H-thymidine uptake. Results showed that(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major impediment to successful cancer chemotherapy. P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the product of the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene, acts as an efflux pump and prevents sufficient intracellular accumulation of several anticancer agents, thus, playing a major role in MDR. Tamoxifen (Tam), ICI 182 780 (ICI) and(More)
Anti-gossypol monoclonal antibody was purified from cell culturing supernatant by ammonium sulfate precipitation and Protein A AffinityPak. The antigen (i.e., gossypol) was labeled with horseradish peroxidase through Schiff-base formation. Both the purified antibody and the enzyme-labeled gossypol were employed to develop a competitive direct enzyme-linked(More)