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Previous studies have shown that K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells are resistant to induction of apoptosis by a variety of agents, including the topoisomerase II (topo II) poison etoposide, when examined 4 to 24 hours after treatment with an initiating stimulus. In the present study, the responses of K562 cells and apoptosis-proficient HL-60 acute(More)
Recent genetic and biochemical studies have implicated cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases (caspases) in the active phase of apoptosis. In the present study, three complementary techniques were utilized to follow caspase activation during the course of etoposide-induced apoptosis in HL-60 human leukemia cells. Immunoblotting revealed that levels(More)
At least two discrete deoxyribonuclease activities can be detected during apoptotic death, one that generates 30- to 500-kilobase pair (kbp) domain-sized fragments and another that mediates internucleosomal DNA degradation. The latter nuclease has been identified as the caspase-activated deoxyribonuclease (CAD)/CPAN, a unique enzyme that is normally(More)
The activation of multiple interleukin-1beta converting enzyme-related proteases (caspases) in apoptotic mammalian cells raises questions as to whether the multiple active caspases have distinct roles in apoptotic execution as well as how these proteases are organized in apoptotic signaling pathways. Here we used an affinity-labeling agent, YV(bio)KD-aomk,(More)
The present studies compared caspase activation under cell-free conditions in vitro and in etoposide-treated HL-60 leukemia cells in situ. Immunoblotting revealed that incubation of HL-60 cytosol at 30 degrees C in the presence of cytochrome c and ATP (or dATP) resulted in activation of procaspases-3, -6, and -7 but not -2 and -8. Although similar(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) exerts two separate effects on neutrophils, stimulating effector functions while simultaneously inducing apoptosis. We examined here the involvement of caspases in neutrophil apoptosis and the effect of TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis on reactive oxygen production. Immunoblotting and affinity labeling showed activation of(More)
PURPOSE According to some studies, susceptibility of cells to anticancer drug-induced apoptosis is markedly inhibited by targeted deletion of genes encoding apoptotic protease activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) or certain caspases. Information about levels of these polypeptides in common cancer cell types and any possible correlation with drug sensitivity in the(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a hormone that stimulates proliferation of many cell types, induces apoptosis in some cell lines that overexpress the EGF receptor. To evaluate the mechanism of EGF-induced apoptosis, MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells were examined by microscopy, flow cytometry, immunoblotting, enzyme assays, and affinity labeling after treatment(More)