Peter W. M. Hermans

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DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been shown to be a powerful epidemiologic tool. We propose a standardized technique which exploits variability in both the number and genomic position of IS6110 to generate strain-specific patterns. General use of this technique will permit comparison of results between different laboratories. Such(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important pathogen causing invasive diseases such as sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia. The burden of disease is highest in the youngest and oldest sections of the population in both more and less developed countries. The treatment of pneumococcal infections is complicated by the worldwide emergence in pneumococci of(More)
A trial with a 7-valent pneumococcal-conjugate vaccine in children with recurrent acute otitis media showed a shift in pneumococcal colonisation towards non-vaccine serotypes and an increase in Staphylococcus aureus-related acute otitis media after vaccination. We investigated prevalence and determinants of nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus(More)
An inverse correlation between colonization of the human nasopharynx by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, both common upper respiratory pathogens, has been reported. Studies were undertaken to determine if either of these organisms produces substances which inhibit growth of the other. Culture supernatants from S. pneumoniae inhibited(More)
Bacterial surface proteins are critically important in determining the success of bacterial strains in their competition for survival, which makes comprehensive knowledge of the microbial 'face' of high relevance to understand bacterial physiology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to inventorize the proteomic composition of a bacterial surface by(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular coagulation with infarction of skin, digits, and limbs is a characteristic feature of meningococcal sepsis. Children with meningococcal sepsis have higher than normal concentrations of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) in plasma. Combined with the widespread venous thrombosis, this finding suggests an impairment of(More)
Five different genetic elements have been found to be associated with genetic rearrangements in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains. Of these elements, the insertion sequence IS6110 is presently the most frequently used genetic marker for strain differentiation of M. tuberculosis. In the present study we compared five genetic elements for their(More)
OBJECTIVE Cytokines and other inflammatory mediators are involved in the pathogenesis of otitis media. We hypothesized that polymorphisms in inflammatory response genes contribute to the increased susceptibility to acute otitis media in otitis-prone children. PATIENTS AND METHODS DNA samples from 348 children with > or = 2 acute otitis media episodes, who(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine prevents recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) in infants immunised at 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months of age. We aimed to find out whether this vaccine also prevents AOM in older children who have had previous episodes of AOM. METHODS In this double-blind, randomised study, we enrolled 383 patients aged 1-7 years who had(More)
The Pneumococcal serine-rich repeat protein (PsrP) is a pathogenicity island encoded adhesin that has been positively correlated with the ability of Streptococcus pneumoniae to cause invasive disease. Previous studies have shown that PsrP mediates bacterial attachment to Keratin 10 (K10) on the surface of lung cells through amino acids 273-341 located in(More)