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The role of lipid rafts in T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling was investigated using fluorescence microscopy. Lipid rafts labeled with cholera toxin B subunit (CT-B) and cross-linked into patches displayed characteristics of rafts isolated biochemically, including detergent resistance and colocalization with raft-associated proteins. LCK, LAT, and the(More)
Plasma membranes of many cell types contain domains enriched in specific lipids and cholesterol, called lipid rafts. In T lymphocytes, key T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signalling molecules associate with rafts, and disrupting raft-association of certain of these abrogates TCR signalling. The TCR itself associates with lipid rafts, and TCR cross-linking(More)
The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases and their ephrin ligands are mediators of cell-cell communication. Cleavage of ephrin-A2 by the ADAM10 membrane metalloprotease enables contact repulsion between Eph- and ephrin-expressing cells. How ADAM10 interacts with ephrins in a regulated manner to cleave only Eph bound ephrin molecules remains unclear. The(More)
Members of the c-erbB family have been implicated in poor prognosis in breast cancer. Given the propensity for heterodimerisation within the erbB family, the pattern of co-expression of these receptors is likely to be as functionally important as aberrant expression of any given receptor alone. Therefore, the patterns of expression of the receptors,(More)
Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ephrin ligands regulate cell navigation during normal and oncogenic development. Signaling of Ephs is initiated in a multistep process leading to the assembly of higher-order signaling clusters that set off bidirectional signaling in interacting cells. However, the structural and mechanistic details of this assembly(More)
The c-erbB-2 proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) closely related to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Overexpression of erbB-2 occurs in approximately 20% of human breast tumours, where increased expression correlates with poor patient prognosis. The EGFR is coupled to the Ras signalling pathway by interaction with the adaptor(More)
Eph receptors and their cell membrane-bound ephrin ligands regulate cell positioning and thereby establish or stabilize patterns of cellular organization. Although it is recognized that ephrin clustering is essential for Eph function, mechanisms that relay information of ephrin density into cell biological responses are poorly understood. We demonstrate by(More)
Siah proteins function as E3 ubiquitin ligase enzymes to target the degradation of diverse protein substrates. To characterize the physiological roles of Siah2, we have generated and analyzed Siah2 mutant mice. In contrast to Siah1a knockout mice, which are growth retarded and exhibit defects in spermatogenesis, Siah2 mutant mice are fertile and largely(More)
TRAF2 serves as a central regulator of the cellular response to stress and cytokines through the regulation of key stress-signaling cascades. Here we demonstrate that wild-type, but not RING mutant, Siah2 targets TRAF2 for ubiquitylation and degradation in vitro. Siah2 mediates equally efficient ubiquitylation of RING mutant TRAF2. In vivo, Siah2 primarily(More)
Release of cell surface-bound ligands by A-Disintegrin-And-Metalloprotease (ADAM) transmembrane metalloproteases is essential for signalling by cytokine, cell adhesion, and tyrosine kinase receptors. For Eph receptor ligands, it provides the switch between cell-cell adhesion and repulsion. Ligand shedding is tightly controlled by intrinsic tyrosine kinase(More)