Peter W. Culicover

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A framework for pragmatic analysis is proposed which treats discourse as a game, with context as a scoreboard organized around the questions under discussion by the interlocutors. The framework is intended to be coordinated with a dynamic compositional semantics. Accordingly, the context of utterance is modeled as a tuple of different types of information,(More)
Prosodic and syntactic constraints conflict with each other. This is particularly evident in the expression of focus, where the best position for main stress does not necessarily match the best syntactic position for the focused constituent. But focus and stress must match, therefore either stress or the focused constituent must renounce their best position(More)
rule out effects as a result of irrelevant properties of the experimental items (e.g. particular lexical items). It is our hope that strengthening methodological standards in the fields of syntax and semantics will bring these fields closer to related fields, such as cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience and computational linguistics. The(More)
What roles do syntax and semantics have in the grammar of a language? What are the consequences of these roles for syntactic structure, and why does it matter? We sketch the Simpler Syntax Hypothesis, which holds that much of the explanatory role attributed to syntax in contemporary linguistics is properly the responsibility of semantics. This rebalancing(More)
The results of several self-paced reading and eye-tracking studies (e.g., Pickering and Traxler, 2003) have been interpreted to suggest that readers do not use verb subcategorization preference as an early means for completing unbounded dependencies. Subsequent papers (e.g., Arai and Keller, 2013) have hypothesized that this finding may actually be due to(More)
One of the important tasks of language acquisition is the ability to distinguish between an inflectional derivation from a target word, which is a variant of this word (e.g., tool AE tools), and a completely new word (e.g., tool AE stool). In an attempt to explain the ability to solve this problem, it has been proposed that the beginning of the word is its(More)
One important task of language acquisition involves the ability to distinguish between an inflectional derivation of a word, which is a variant of the word, and a completely new word. This ability is often influenced by a suffixation preference. Previous research has demonstrated that the suffixation preference may not be sub-served by a language-specific(More)
There are many logical possibilities for marking morphological features. However only some of them are attested in languages of the world, and out of them some are more frequent than others. For example, it has been observed that inflectional morphology tends to overwhelmingly involve suffixation rather than prefixation. This paper proposes an explanation(More)