Peter Vrtačnik

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Epigenetics refers to the study of mechanisms able to influence gene expression in a stable and potentially heritable manner without altering the DNA sequence. These mechanisms include posttranslational histone modifications, miRNA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation and DNA methylation. The accumulation of molecular errors over time resulting, at(More)
Estrogens have long been known as important regulators of the female reproductive functions; however, our understanding of the role estrogens play in the human body has changed significantly over the past years. It is now commonly accepted that estrogens and androgens have important functions in both female and male physiology and pathology. This is in part(More)
A dual-channel electrical stimulation system with a stimulator and a programmer/stride analyzer was designed for clinical rehabilitation of gait and for subsequent daily use as an orthotic aid. The stimulator, with controls to adjust amplitude only (50 mA), adapts chosen stimulation sequences to the walking rate of a patient. Pulse duration (50-500(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Sufficient oxygen supply to bone tissue is essential for normal bone development and efficient bone repair. Hypoxia and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) signaling pathway have been shown to exhibit profound effects on proliferation, differentiation as well as gene and protein expression in osteoblasts, osteoclasts and mesenchymal(More)
The accuracy of techniques such as microarrays, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and whole transcriptome shotgun sequencing is critically dependent on RNA quality. We have repeatedly observed extensive RNA degradation following trypsinization, a routine procedure used to dissociate adherent tissue culture cells prior to RNA extraction. This(More)
The electric impedance of urine is considerably lower than that of urothelium: thus electrodes placed in the urethra can be used to show when urine penetrates the urethra during incontinence. This principle is presented as part of a possible diagnostic test of urethral incompetence.
The objective of this study was to develop and preliminarily test the measuring principle suitable for quantification of the capability of deformation of the inner urethral wall, i.e. quantification of inner urethral wall softness. The special measuring catheter was made of plexiglass with two conically shaped stainless steel electrodes mounted 5 cm from(More)
Osteoporosis is a prevalent skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone mineral density and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, resulting in bone fragility and low-trauma fractures. Imaging techniques are routinely used to detect low bone mass; however, they are unable to identify deterioration of bone quality. Recently, microRNAs have(More)