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The proteasome has emerged as an important target for cancer therapy with the approval of bortezomib, a first-in-class, reversible proteasome inhibitor, for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM). However, many patients have disease that does not respond to bortezomib, whereas others develop resistance, suggesting the need for other inhibitors with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of siltuximab, an anti-interleukin-6 chimeric monoclonal antibody (mAb) in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma, or Castleman disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In an open-label, dose-finding, 7 cohort, phase I study, patients with NHL, multiple myeloma, or symptomatic Castleman(More)
The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex responsible for the degradation of most intracellular proteins, including proteins crucial to cell cycle regulation and programmed cell death, or apoptosis. In preclinical cancer models, proteasome inhibitors induce apoptosis, have in vivo antitumor efficacy, and sensitize malignant cells and tumors to(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has emerged as a key factor in the pathogenesis of the atypical lymphoproliferative disorder Castleman's disease (CD). Siltuximab is a new anti-IL-6, chimeric monoclonal antibody with potential therapeutic benefit in patients with CD. METHODS We report interim results from an open-label, dose-finding, seven-cohort, phase I(More)
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is one of the most important complications of multiple myeloma (MM) treatment. PN can be caused by MM itself, either by the effects of the monoclonal protein or in the form of radiculopathy from direct compression, and particularly by certain therapies, including bortezomib, thalidomide, vinca alkaloids and cisplatin. Clinical(More)
Decreased p27(Kip1) levels are a poor prognostic factor in many malignancies, and can occur through up-regulation of SCF(Skp2) E3 ligase function, resulting in enhanced p27 ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation. While proteasome inhibitors stabilize p27(Kip1), agents inhibiting SCF(Skp2) may represent more directly targeted drugs with the(More)
The proteasome, a multicatalytic proteinase complex, is responsible for the majority of intracellular protein degradation. Pharmacologic inhibitors of the proteasome possess in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity, and bortezomib, the first such agent to undergo clinical testing, has significant efficacy against multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma(More)
PURPOSE The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway has been validated as a target in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma through demonstration of the activity of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Another potentially attractive target is the human homologue of the murine double minute-2 protein, HDM-2, which serves as the major p53 E3 ubiquitin ligase; we(More)
BACKGROUND New treatment options are needed for patients with multiple myeloma that is refractory to proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs. We assessed daratumumab, a novel CD38-targeted monoclonal antibody, in patients with refractory multiple myeloma. METHODS In this open-label, multicentre, phase 2 trial done in Canada, Spain, and the USA,(More)
Proteasome inhibition is a validated strategy for therapy of multiple myeloma, but this disease remains challenging as relapses are common, and often associated with increasing chemoresistance. Moreover, nonspecific proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib can induce peripheral neuropathy and other toxicities that may compromise the ability to deliver(More)