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Oxidative damage accumulation in macromolecules has been considered as a cause of cellular damage and pathology. Rarely, the oxidative stress parameters in healthy humans related to the individual age have been reported. The purpose of this study was to examine the redox status in plasma and erythrocytes of healthy individuals and determine correlations(More)
Aging is a complex progressive physiological alteration of the organism which ultimately leads to death. During the whole life a human being is confronted with oxidative stress. To measure how this oxidative stress is developing during the aging process and how it changes the cellular metabolism several substances have been pronounced as biomarkers(More)
The effect of tyrosine nitration on mammalian GS activity and stability was studied in vitro. Peroxynitrite at a concentration of 5 micro mol/l produced tyrosine nitration and inactivation of GS, whereas 50 micro mol/l peroxynitrite additionally increased S-nitrosylation and carbonylation and degradation of GS by the 20S proteasome. (-)Epicatechin(More)
Different substances such as dimethyl sulfoxide, tetramethylene sulfoxide, 2-pyrollidone, and the naturally occurring compatible solute betaine enhance PCR amplification of GC-rich DNA templates with high melting temperatures. In particular, cyclic compatible solutes outperform traditional PCR enhancers. We therefore investigated the effects that cyclic(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that proteasome activity decreases whereas protein oxidation increases with aging in various tissues. However, no studies are available correlating both parameters directly comparing different tissues of one organism. Therefore, we determined whether there is an age-related change in proteasome activity and protein(More)
Tau is the major protein exhibiting intracellular accumulation in Alzheimer disease. The mechanisms leading to its accumulation are not fully understood. It has been proposed that the proteasome is responsible for degrading tau but, since proteasomal inhibitors block both the ubiquitin-dependent 26S proteasome and the ubiqutin-independent 20S proteasome(More)
Glycated protein products are formed upon binding of sugars to lysine and arginine residues and have been shown to accumulate during aging and in pathologies such as Alzheimer disease and diabetes. Often these glycated proteins are transformed into advanced glycation end products (AGEs) by a series of intramolecular rearrangements. In the study presented(More)
Proteins accumulate during aging and form insoluble protein aggregates. Microglia are responsible for their removal from the brain. During aging, changes within the microglia might play a crucial role in the malfunctioning of these cells. Therefore, we isolated primary microglial cells from adult rats and compared their activation status and their ability(More)
In vivo measurements in 26 female patients with lipedema and cellulite parameters were carried out before and after therapy by means of complex physical decongestive therapy (CPDT) including manual lymph drainage and compression as main components and/or shock wave therapy (SWT). Oxidative stress parameters of blood serum and biomechanic skin(More)
Brain ischemia and the following reperfusion are important causes for brain damage and leading causes of brain morbidity and human mortality. Numerous observations exist describing the neuronal damage during ischemia/reperfusion, but the outcome of such conditions towards glial cells still remains to be elucidated. Microglia are resident macrophages in the(More)