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Brains from 41 aged canines (> or = 10 years of age) were examined immunohistochemically to characterize the laminar distribution and age-related progression of beta-amyloid (A beta) in frontal cortex. We classified the A beta patterns into four distinct types. Type I was characterized by small, faint deposits of A beta in deep cortical layers. Type II(More)
Recruitment of CCR2(+)Ly6C(high) monocytes to sites of infection is essential for efficient clearance of microbial pathogens. Although CCR2-mediated signals promote monocyte emigration from bone marrow, the contribution of CCR2 to later stages of monocyte recruitment remains unresolved. In this article, we show that CCR2 deficiency markedly worsens hepatic(More)
The amyloidogenic peptide beta-amyloid has previously been shown to bind to neurons in the form of fibrillar clusters on the cell surface, which induces neurodegeneration and activates a program of cell death characteristic of apoptosis. To further investigate the mechanism of Abeta neurotoxicity, we synthesized the all-D- and all-L-stereoisomers of the(More)
The activation of complement by beta-amyloid (A beta) has been implicated in the local inflammatory response in Alzheimer's disease. To assess the structural parameters required for this activation, beta-sheet-containing fibrils of A beta1-28 were induced by low pH and then chemically cross-linked to constrain the beta-sheet conformation. Chimeric A beta(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are innate-like lymphocytes that rapidly secrete large amounts of effector cytokines upon activation. Recognition of alpha-linked glycolipids presented by CD1d leads to the production of IL-4, IFN-gamma, or both, while direct activation by the synergistic action of IL-12 and IL-18 leads to IFN-gamma production only. We(More)
Extracellular deposits of fibrillar beta-amyloid are a characteristic neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have developed a novel antibody to a hypothesized "older isomer" of the amyloid protein. This antibody, raised against a synthetic beta-amyloid peptide containing isoaspartic acid at position 7 (isoaspartic-7-Abeta), reacts with(More)
UNLABELLED Severe malarial anemia (SMA) in semi-immune individuals eliminates both infected and uninfected erythrocytes and is a frequent fatal complication. It is proportional not to circulating parasitemia but total parasite mass (sequestered) in the organs. Thus, immune responses that clear parasites in organs may trigger changes leading to anemia. Here,(More)
FIVM has provided many insights into the regulation of immunity. We report the validation of an approach for visualizing murine small bowel via single- and multiphoton FIVM. Tissue damage is limited to ∼200 μm, immediately adjacent to the incision, as confirmed by intravital PI staining. Treatment with 10 KDa dextran-FITC and 70 KDa dextran-TR confirms that(More)
Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is a rare, genetic, lysosomal disorder with progressive neurodegeneration. Poor understanding of the pathophysiology and a lack of blood-based diagnostic markers are major hurdles in the treatment and management of NPC and several additional, neurological lysosomal disorders. To identify disease severity correlates, we(More)
Discovery into the role of renal dendritic cells (rDCs) in health and disease of the kidney is rapidly accelerating. Progress in deciphering DC precursors and the heterogeneity of monocyte subsets in mice and humans is providing insight into the biology of rDCs. Recent findings have extended knowledge of the origins, anatomy and function of the rDC network(More)