Peter Velázquez

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Inflammatory bowel disease reflects an aberrant mucosal CD4+ T cell response to commensal enteric bacteria. In addition to regulatory T cell subsets, recent studies have revealed a protective role of B cells in murine CD4+ T cell colitis, but the relationship of their action to T cell immunoregulation is unknown. Here we report that mesenteric lymph node(More)
Recruitment of CCR2(+)Ly6C(high) monocytes to sites of infection is essential for efficient clearance of microbial pathogens. Although CCR2-mediated signals promote monocyte emigration from bone marrow, the contribution of CCR2 to later stages of monocyte recruitment remains unresolved. In this article, we show that CCR2 deficiency markedly worsens hepatic(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are innate-like lymphocytes that rapidly secrete large amounts of effector cytokines upon activation. Recognition of alpha-linked glycolipids presented by CD1d leads to the production of IL-4, IFN-gamma, or both, while direct activation by the synergistic action of IL-12 and IL-18 leads to IFN-gamma production only. We(More)
Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is a rare, genetic, lysosomal disorder with progressive neurodegeneration. Poor understanding of the pathophysiology and a lack of blood-based diagnostic markers are major hurdles in the treatment and management of NPC and several additional, neurological lysosomal disorders. To identify disease severity correlates, we(More)
Fibrillar amyloid beta-protein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease because of its neurotoxicity and its ability to activate complement. Reactive microglia, astrocytes and complement (C') components (reviewed in ref. 6) are associated with senile plaques, the fibrillar, beta-sheet assemblies of amyloid beta-peptide found(More)
Brains from 41 aged canines (> or = 10 years of age) were examined immunohistochemically to characterize the laminar distribution and age-related progression of beta-amyloid (A beta) in frontal cortex. We classified the A beta patterns into four distinct types. Type I was characterized by small, faint deposits of A beta in deep cortical layers. Type II(More)
The amyloidogenic peptide beta-amyloid has previously been shown to bind to neurons in the form of fibrillar clusters on the cell surface, which induces neurodegeneration and activates a program of cell death characteristic of apoptosis. To further investigate the mechanism of Abeta neurotoxicity, we synthesized the all-D- and all-L-stereoisomers of the(More)
A recent and surprising body of research has linked changes in immune function to biologic and therapeutic targeting of cannabinoid receptors, which prototypically respond to delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol. The peripheral cannabinoid receptor CB2 is highly expressed in immune cell types (macrophages, dendritic cells, and B cells), and pharmacologically alters(More)
Mechanisms that control abnormal CD4(+) T cell-mediated tissue damage are a significant factor in averting and resolving chronic inflammatory epithelial diseases. B cells can promote such immunoregulation, and this is thought to involve interaction with MHC II- or CD1-restricted regulatory T cells. The purpose of this study is to genetically define the(More)
The epidemiologic risk of certain systemic immunologic diseases is affected by commensal or environmental microbiota, but the cellular basis of the "hygiene hypothesis" is poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that composition of the commensal microbiota affects the functional state of the peripheral naïve (CD62L(hi)CD44(lo)) T lymphocyte(More)