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BACKGROUND The prenatal condition offers a unique possibility of examining physiological interaction between individuals. Goal of this work was to look for evidence of coordination between fetal and maternal cardiac systems. METHODS 177 magnetocardiograms were recorded in 62 pregnancies (16th-42nd week of gestation). Fetal and maternal RR interval time(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Fetal behavioural states have been defined on the basis of eye movements, body movements and heart rate patterns as presented by cardiotocography (CTG). The aim of this work was to determine whether behavioural states can be distinguished on the basis of heart rate features alone using high resolution beat-to-beat fetal(More)
From adult data, it is known that numerous factors, such as age, state of the autonomic nervous system, diurnal rhythms or mean R-R interval mRR, influence heart rate variability (HRV). The aim of this study was the examination of the influence of gestational age, mRR, gender and time of day on fetal HRV. The analysis was based on 66 fetal(More)
Symbolic dynamics derived from heart rate variability (HRV) is able to reflect changes of cardiac autonomic modulations on short time scales in spite of the considerable reduction of information involved. However, the link between the appearance of specific symbolic patterns and the activity of the autonomic nervous system has not yet been elucidated. In(More)
It is generally assumed that fetal heart rate variability increases with gestation, reflecting prenatal development of the autonomic nervous system. We examined standard measures quantifying fetal heart rate variability, as well as a complexity measure, approximate entropy, in 66 fetal magnetocardiograms recorded from 22 healthy pregnant women between the(More)
BACKGROUND The objective was to evaluate and to compare two completely different detection algorithms of intermittent (short-term) cardiorespiratory coordination during night sleep. The first method is based on a combination of respiratory flow and electrocardiogram recordings and determines the relative phases of R waves between successive onsets of(More)
Fetal breathing movements are associated with respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). We present an algorithm which processes RR interval time series in the time and frequency domain, identifying spectral peaks with characteristics consistent with fetal RSA. Tested on 50 data sets from the second and third trimester, the algorithm had a sensitivity of 96.1%,(More)
Two diverse complexity metrics quantifying time irreversibility and local prediction, in connection with a surrogate data approach, were utilized to detect nonlinear dynamics in short heart period (HP) variability series recorded in fetuses, as a function of the gestational period, and in healthy humans, as a function of the magnitude of the orthostatic(More)
Symbolic dynamics derived from heart rate variability (HRV) is able to reflect changes of cardiac autonomic modulations in healthy subjects. It has been shown that linear measures of HRV in children and adolescents monotonically increase or decrease (depending on the measure) with age whereas non-linear measures show a local extreme value at the age of 7 to(More)