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Genomic Characterization of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus in European Bats and Classification of Coronaviruses Based on Partial RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase Gene Sequences
An evaluation of CoV in rhinolophid and vespertilionid bat species common in Europe found that proteins 3b and 6 were highly divergent from those proteins in all known SARS-related CoV, highlighting the importance of assessments of the zoonotic potential of widely distributed bat-borne CoV.
Bats host major mammalian paramyxoviruses
Major discoveries include evidence of an origin of Hendra- and Nipah virus in Africa, identification of a bat virus conspecific with the human mumps virus, detection of close relatives of respiratory syncytial virus, mouse pneumonia- and canine distemper virus in bats, as well as direct evidence of Sendai virus in rodents.
Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Part 10. Bat fauna of Iran
A complete list of bat records available from Iran was compiled from literature and from new records, based on field studies and examination of museum specimens, to give basic descriptive echolocation parameters for at least 24 species.
Human Betacoronavirus 2c EMC/2012–related Viruses in Bats, Ghana and Europe
Viruses related to the novel human betacoronavirus EMC/2012 originated from bats, and their genetic relatedness indicated E MC/2012 originate from bats.
Distant Relatives of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus and Close Relatives of Human Coronavirus 229E in Bats, Ghana
Hipposideros spp. bats harbor a coronavirus that shares common ancestry with human viruses.
Bats carry pathogenic hepadnaviruses antigenically related to hepatitis B virus and capable of infecting human hepatocytes
- J. Drexler, A. Geipel, C. Drosten
- Biology, MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 16 September 2013
The data suggest that bats may have been ancestral sources of primate hepadnaviruses and HBV, and the observed zoonotic potential might affect concepts aimed at eradicating HBV.
Evidence for an Ancestral Association of Human Coronavirus 229E with Bats
The putative host switches leading to the formation of HCoV-229E were accompanied by major genomic changes, including deletions in the viral spike glycoprotein gene and loss of an open reading frame, and the evolutionary analyses show that animal and human viruses are genetically closely related, can exchange genetic material, and form a single viral species.
Evolutionary origins of hepatitis A virus in small mammals
- J. Drexler, V. Corman, C. Drosten
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2 November 2015
A targeted search for HAV-related viruses in small mammals sampled globally and discovered highly diversified viruses in bats, rodents, hedgehogs, and shrews demonstrates that these viruses share unique biological features with HAV, including structural, genomic, antigenic, and pathogenic properties.
Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Part 8. Bats of Jordan: fauna, ecology, echolocation, ectoparasites.
A complete list of bat records available from Jordan was compiled from literature and from new records, based on field studies and examination of museum specimens, and basic descriptive echolocation parameters for 17 species are given and discussed.
Variation of mitochondrial DNA in the Hipposideros caffer complex (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) and its taxonomic implications
A phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene challenged the hypothesis of two cryptic species of Hipposideros caffer and recovered four distinct lineages with deep internal divergences.