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Hair cell regeneration is well documented in the inner ear sensory epithelia of lower vertebrates and birds and may occur in the vestibular organs of mammals. By contrast, hair cell loss in the mature mammalian cochlea is considered irreversible. However, recent reports have suggested that an attempt at hair cell regeneration could occur in vivo in(More)
Bigger, faster, higher? The appetite for broad-band has clearly fueled the development of mobile cellular networks. On the other hand, the successful deployment of killer applications in the past 20 years has had a major impact on the markets as well: First and foremost, the need for unteth-ered telephony and, with it, wireless real-time voice communication(More)
This study investigates the morphological and molecular changes that occur in the inner hair cell area of the rat cochlea following aminoglycoside treatment. Rats were injected daily with 500 mg/kg of amikacin between postnatal day 9 (PND9) and PND16. Cochleae were examined at PND16 to PND120 using both scanning and transmission electron microscopy and(More)
In the adult mammalian cochlea, post-injury hair cell losses are considered to be irreversible. Recent studies in cochlear explants of embryonic rodents show that the organ of Corti can replace lost hair cells after injury. We have investigated this topic in vivo during the period of cochlear development. Rat pups were treated with a daily subcutaneous(More)
Recent studies have shown that an attempt at auditory hair cell neodifferentiation occurs in vivo in the rat organ of Corti after amikacin intoxication during the last stages of cochlear maturation. Atypical cells, with morphological characteristics reminiscent of very immature sensory hair cells, were transiently observed after outer hair cell losses. The(More)
Recently, an attempt at cochlear hair cell neodifferentiation has been reported in amikacin-treated rats. In the present study, we aimed to ascertain whether hair cell losses are mediated by apoptosis and whether cell proliferation occurs in damaged intoxicated cochleas. The results show that apoptosis is responsible for hair cell losses and that cell(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is known to promote tumour growth and survival. We evaluated IL-6 gene amplification in tumours from 53 glioma patients using fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Amplification events were detected only in glioblastomas (15 out of 36 cases), the most malignant tumours, and were significantly associated with decreased patient survival.
The presence of telomerase activity in a glioma may be a predictor of its malignant potential. Activation of telomerase is regulated at the transcriptional level of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Here, we evaluated whether the amount of hTERT mRNA provides a molecular marker of glioma malignancy that would have clinical utility. We used(More)
Acoustic trauma is the major cause of hearing loss in industrialised nations. We show in guinea-pigs that sound exposure (6 kHz, 120 dB sound pressure level for 30 min) leads to sensory cell death and subsequent permanent hearing loss. Ultrastructural analysis reveals that degeneration of the noise-damaged hair cells involved different mechanisms, including(More)
Postnatal rats were treated with amikacin during the period of cochlear supra-normal sensitivity to ototoxic antibiotics, i.e. from day 9 to day 16 when the organ of Corti is achieving its maturation. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies were used to evaluate morphological changes in the organs of Corti at different post-treatment periods, up(More)