Learn More
BACKGROUND The impact of prognostic factors in T1G3 non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BCa) patients is critical for proper treatment decision making. OBJECTIVE To assess prognostic factors in patients who received bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) as initial intravesical treatment of T1G3 tumors and to identify a subgroup of high-risk patients who should(More)
OBJECTIVE To critically assess the biophysical properties and current status of outlet formation in heterotopic intestinal urinary diversion. As despite three decades of clinical experience with continent cutaneous urinary diversion through bowel segments, no consensus has been reached for the optimal efferent segment although its function largely(More)
The molecular diversity of receptors in human blood vessels remains largely unexplored. We developed a selection method in which peptides that home to specific vascular beds are identified after administration of a peptide library. Here we report the first in vivo screening of a peptide library in a patient. We surveyed 47,160 motifs that localized to(More)
Here we developed a bacteriophage display particle designed to serve as a bifunctional entity that can target tumors while delivering an agent. We engineered a chimera phage vector containing a pIII-displayed alphav integrins-targeting moiety and a pVIII-displayed streptavidin binding adaptor moiety. By using the chimeric phage particle, targeting of alphav(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of urolithiasis saw major changes with the introduction of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and percutaneous and ureteroscopic techniques in the 1980s. Since then these minimally invasive treatment modalities have continuously been developed further. RESULTS For years ESWL has been the treatment of choice. However, recent(More)
PURPOSE To achieve an almost 100% stone-free rate by means of further developing and standardizing the procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS 100 consecutive patients with single or multiple renal calculi were prospectively enrolled in the study. Flexible ureterorenoscopy was performed as a completely standardized operation by the same two experienced surgeons.(More)
OBJECTIVES The LIM and SH3 (LASP)-1 protein is a focal adhesion protein that has been linked to oncogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic use of the detection of LASP-1 in tumor specimens and in urine for noninvasive detection of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Immunohistochemical staining for LASP-1 was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the growth kinetics of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease in a large trial by CT/MRI scan. VHL disease is a multisystemic disorder predisposing to renal cysts and cancer. There is a general assumption that VHL-associated RCC presents slower growth rates than sporadic RCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS We describe(More)
OBJECTIVE To present a unique completely standardized sequence of steps performed before, during, and after flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) that achieves superior results for FURS treatment of renal calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS The "Freiburg FURS technique" includes the following steps: (a) preoperative ureteral stenting; (b) placement of 2 hydrophilic(More)
PURPOSE A presumed reason for the high recurrence rate of superficial bladder cancer after transurethral tumor resection is the reimplantation of tumor cells. Because tumor cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix is mediated by integrin molecules, we tested specific integrin receptor blocking oligopeptides to prevent this mechanism. MATERIALS AND(More)