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OBJECTIVE The Acromegaly Consensus Group met in April 2009 to revisit the guidelines on criteria for cure as defined in 2000. PARTICIPANTS Participants included 74 neurosurgeons and endocrinologists with extensive experience of treating acromegaly. EVIDENCE/CONSENSUS PROCESS: Relevant assays, biochemical measures, clinical outcomes, and definition of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acromegaly are currently treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and drugs to reduce hypersecretion of growth hormone, but the treatments may be ineffective and have adverse effects. Pegvisomant is a genetically engineered growth hormone-receptor antagonist that blocks the action of growth hormone. METHODS We conducted a 12-week,(More)
An understanding of the events that occur during GH receptor (GHR) signaling has facilitated the development of a GHR antagonist (pegvisomant) for use in humans. This molecule has been designed to compete with native GH for the GHR and to prevent its proper or functional dimerization-a process that is critical for GH signal transduction and IGF-I synthesis(More)
OBJECTIVE For patients with acromegaly who are suboptimally controlled on long-acting octreotide (LAR), treatment options are to switch to pegvisomant monotherapy (PM) or add pegvisomant to LAR (P-LAR). Our objective was to evaluate if the safety and efficacy of these regimens differ. DESIGN This was an open-label, multicentre, randomized, 40-week(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome remains a major challenge in clinical endocrinology. Various screening tests are commonly used to support a biochemical diagnosis in the context of clinical suspicion. The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity in the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome of a single in-patient sleeping midnight cortisol to(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that in Cushing's disease, ACTH secretion from the normal pituitary surrounding an ACTH-secreting adenoma is inhibited and hence removal of the entire adenoma should result in an undetectable serum cortisol in the immediate post-operative period. DESIGN A retrospective study of patients undergoing transsphenoidal(More)
ACROSTUDY is an observational registry intended to collect safety and efficacy data on pegvisomant therapy. A total of 792 patients have been enrolled, of whom 83% had commenced pegvisomant prior to recruitment. The mean follow-up is 1.66 years with the mean duration of pegvisomant therapy 3.31 years representing 2625 patient years of treatment. About 90%(More)
Radiolabelled meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is widely used in the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of patients with tumours of neural crest origin. Some commonly prescribed and readily available over-the-counter medicines interfere with the uptake and biodistribution of this radiopharmaceutical. This may lead to poor concentration of radiolabelled MIBG(More)
BACKGROUND Pegvisomant is a new growth hormone receptor antagonist that improves symptoms and normalises insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in a high proportion of patients with acromegaly treated for up to 12 weeks. We assessed the effects of pegvisomant in 160 patients with acromegaly treated for an average of 425 days. METHODS Treatment efficacy was(More)
The clinical, biochemical, and radiological features of pituitary ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome (CS) [Cushing's disease (CD)] are often indistinguishable from those of occult ectopic ACTH-dependent CS (oEAS). We have evaluated, retrospectively, the results of simultaneous bilateral inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) ACTH sampling before and after CRH(More)