Peter Tomassen

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BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common health problem, with significant medical costs and impact on general health. Even so, prevalence figures for Europe are unavailable. In this study, conducted by the GA²LEN network of excellence, the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and nasal Polyps (EP³OS) diagnostic criteria are applied to(More)
BACKGROUND   The prevalence of asthma and its association with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have not been widely studied in population-based epidemiological surveys. METHODS   The Global Allergy and Asthma Network of Excellence (GA(2) LEN) conducted a postal questionnaire in representative samples of adults living in Europe to assess the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor that exists as a membrane-bound (mRAGE) form and a soluble (sRAGE) form. RAGE is reported to play a role in diverse pathologies including lower airway conditions, but the exact mechanism of action remains poorly understood. In the upper airways, the involvement of(More)
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), a disease presenting with chronic symptoms such as nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, hyposmia and facial pain, is highly prevalent and has a considerable impact on quality of life and health care expenditures. The disease is characterized by chronic inflammation of the sinonasal mucosa and can present with nasal polyps. Current(More)
The term rhinosinusitis describes an inflammation of the mucosal lining of the nose and sinuses; however, recent evidence points to the need to differentiate patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps from those with nasal polyps. Asthma comorbidity is especially common in nasal polyp disease and may be associated with aspirin-exacerbated(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin sensitization is a risk factor for asthma. However, there is a paucity of epidemiologic evidence on adult-onset asthma in community-based populations. OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the epidemiology and the clinical significance of staphylococcal enterotoxin sensitization in(More)
BACKGROUND Current phenotyping of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) into chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) might not adequately reflect the pathophysiologic diversity within patients with CRS. OBJECTIVE We sought to identify inflammatory endotypes of CRS. Therefore we aimed to cluster(More)
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases of the nasal and paranasal cavities either accompanied by polyp formation (CRSwNP) or without polyps (CRSsNP). CRSsNP and CRSwNP are prevalent medical conditions associated with substantial impaired quality of life, reduced workplace productivity, and serious medical treatment(More)
BACKGROUND The European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EP3OS) incorporates symptomatic, endoscopic, and radiologic criteria in the clinical diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), while in epidemiological studies, the definition is based on symptoms only. We aimed to assess the reliability and validity of a symptom-based definition of(More)
BACKGROUND Specific IgE to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins (SE-IgE) has been associated with asthma. In the general population, we aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for serum SE-IgE and to examine the association with asthma. METHODS A postal questionnaire was sent to a random sample of adults in 19 centers across Europe. A random(More)