Peter Tan

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To understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which neurotensin (NT) induces an analgesic effect in the nucleus raphe magnus (NRM), whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed to investigate the electrophysiological effects of NT on acutely dissociated NRM neurons. Two subtypes of neurons, primary serotonergic and secondary non-serotonergic(More)
Microinjection of neurotensin into the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) produces a potent and naloxone-insensitive analgesic effect. To test the hypothesis that neurotensin induces the analgesic effect by activating the PAG-rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) descending antinociceptive pathway, PAG neurons that project to RVM (PAG-RVM) were identified by(More)
To test whether modulations of spinal serotonin (5-HT) levels would affect the development of morphine tolerance, we treated rats with either intrathecal 5-HT or 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT; a 5-HT neurotoxin) in addition to systemic infusion with morphine (2 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1)). Continuous infusion of 5-HT (10 microg x 6 microL(-1) x h(-1)) into the(More)
We evaluated the pharmacokinetics and regional distribution of propofol in the brain and spinal cord during propofol anesthesia in Sprague-Dawley rats, using high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of propofol concentration in brain, whole blood and plasma. We found that the concentration of propofol in the brain increased and decreased(More)
We applied simultaneous spectral analysis of electroencephalographic (EEG) and systemic arterial pressure signals in Sprague-Dawley rats to monitor the status of consciousness and cardiovascular functions during intravenous anesthesia with propofol and to assess their correlations with plasma propofol concentration. Our results support the hypothesis that a(More)
Based on the tail-flick response to noxious thermal stimuli, we determined in the present study that effective antinociception could be achieved in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats 15 min after intravenous infusion of propofol at 60 mg/kg/h. Simultaneous power spectral analysis of the electroencephalographic (EEG) and systemic arterial pressure signals(More)
Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) has been reported to be an endogenous anti-opioid peptide that has significant effects on morphine tolerance and dependence. In the present study, we examined the chronic effects of NPFF and its synthetic analogs: the putative agonist, PFRFamide, and the putative antagonists, dansyl-PQRamide and PFR(Tic)amide on naloxone-precipitated(More)
To understand whether chronic inflammation alters the development of morphine tolerance, the tail-flick test was used to evaluate the analgesic effect of morphine (75 mg tablet, s.c.) in the arthritic rats at the day 9-12 after the inoculation with Freund's adjuvant. Spinal cord monoamines and amino acid neurotransmitters were concomitantly measured.(More)
We sought to estimate the activities of dopamine and serotonin in animals receiving propofol anesthesia. The in vivo microdialysis technique was used in Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 6) to measure the major metabolites of dopamine and serotonin, i.e. 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methyphenylacetic acid; HVA) and 5-hydroxy(More)
We evaluated possible interactions between angiotensin II (AII) or angiotensin III (AIII) and the alpha-2 adrenoceptors of the nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis (NRGC) in the medulla oblongata that are involved in cardiovascular regulation and antinociception, as well as the angiotensin receptor subtypes involved, using Sprague-Dawley rats that were(More)