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A morbillivirus has been isolated and added to an increasing list of emerging viral diseases. This virus caused an outbreak of fatal respiratory disease in horses and humans. Genetic analyses show it to be only distantly related to the classic morbilliviruses rinderpest, measles, and canine distemper. When seen by electron microscopy, viruses had 10- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the infectivity and transmissibility of Hendra virus (HeV). DESIGN A disease transmission study using fruit bats, horses and cats. PROCEDURE Eight grey-headed fruit bats (Pteropus poliocephalus) were inoculated and housed in contact with three uninfected bats and two uninfected horses. In a second experiment, four horses were(More)
Comparative histological and immunocytochemical studies were conducted on formalin-fixed tissues from chickens infected with avian influenza viruses of varying virulence. Results showed a distinct pattern of disease that depended on the virulence of the virus and the susceptibility of the birds. At 3 days post-intranasal inoculation with a highly virulent(More)
This report describes the first pathologic and immunohistochemical recognition in Australia of a rabies-like disease in a native mammal, a fruit bat, the black flying fox (Pteropus alecto). A virus with close serologic and genetic relationships to members of the Lyssavirus genus of the family Rhabdoviridae was isolated in mice from the tissue homogenates of(More)
contributed to the studies outlined in this paper. Richard Lawrence, Clinical Superintendent of Medicine, Westmead Hospital, provided valuable discussions on clinical aspects and case presentation. Our investigations were supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council and the Ramaciotti Foundations. Plikaytis B. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
Information on the pathogenesis and transmissibility of Hendra and Nipah viruses was obtained by comparing their histopathology. Both viruses induced syncytial cells in vascular tissues and they were primarily vasotropic and/or neurotropic, generating interstitial pneumonia or encephalitis. Nipah virus in pigs was also epitheliotropic in respiratory(More)
Subcutaneous inoculation, but not intradermal (footpad) or intranasal inoculation, with high doses of Hendra virus (HeV) consistently produced disease in guinea-pigs. Of 15 subcutaneously inoculated animals, 14 developed vascular disease with positive HeV immunohistochemical labelling in a range of tissues. A new observation was the presence of lesions,(More)
Quandong kernels are a traditional Aboriginal food item; they are rich in oil and contain large amounts of an unusual fatty acid, trans-11-octadecen-9-ynoic acid (santalbic acid), but it is not known whether this acid is absorbed and/or metabolized. The oil was fed at 12.6% of total energy content in semi-synthetic diets to groups of male Sprague-Dawley(More)
Antibodies to Hendra virus (HeV) have been found in a high percentage of fruit bats (Pteropus spp.) in Australia, indicating a possible reservoir for the virus. The aim of the experiments reported here was to investigate transplacental infection as a possible mode of transmission of the virus in fruit bats and other animals. In a first experiment, 18(More)