Learn More
The monoamine neurotransmitter disorders consist of a rapidly expanding heterogeneous group of neurological syndromes characterised by primary and secondary defects in the biosynthesis degradation, or transport of dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and serotonin. Disease onset can occur any time from infancy onwards. Clinical presentation depends on the(More)
Childhood onset motor neuron diseases or neuronopathies are a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders. A particularly severe subgroup first described in 1894, and subsequently called Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome, is characterized by progressive pontobulbar palsy, sensorineural hearing loss and respiratory insufficiency. There has been no treatment(More)
Seizures may be the first and the major presenting feature of an inborn error of metabolism (IEM), for example in a neonate with pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy. In other IEMs, seizures may be preceded by other major symptoms: by a reduced level of consciousness in a child with an organic acidaemia or urea cycle defect; or by loss of skills, progressive(More)
Tubular aggregates caused by serine active site containing 1 (SERAC1) mutations in a patient with a mitochondrial encephalopathy Tubular aggregates (TAs) are cytoplasmic aggregates of membranous tubules derived from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and usually 50–70 nm in diameter [1]. They may be seen in a range of genetic myopathies, including gyrate atrophy(More)
Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy was recently shown to be due to mutations in the ALDH7A1 gene, which encodes antiquitin, an enzyme that catalyses the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent dehydrogenation of l-alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde/L-Delta1-piperideine 6-carboxylate. However, whilst this is a highly treatable disorder, there is general(More)
BACKGROUND The first gene causing early-onset generalized dystonia with brain manganese accumulation has recently been identified. Mutations in the SLC30A10 gene, encoding a manganese transporter, cause a syndrome of hepatic cirrhosis, dystonia, polycythemia, and hypermanganesemia. METHODS We present 10-year longitudinal clinical features, MRI data, and(More)
Recently, alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde (alpha-AASA) dehydrogenase deficiency was shown to cause pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy in a considerable number of patients. alpha-AASA dehydrogenase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a neonatal-onset epileptic encephalopathy in which seizures are resistant to antiepileptic drugs but(More)
BACKGROUND Deficiency of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) is associated with severe developmental delay, oculogyric crises (OGC), and autonomic dysfunction. Treatment with dopamine agonists and MAO inhibitors is beneficial, yet long-term prognosis is unclear. OBJECTIVE To delineate the clinical and molecular spectrum of AADC deficiency, its(More)
AIM We report on seizures, paroxysmal events, and electroencephalogram (EEG) findings in four female infants with pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (PDE) and in one female with pyridoxine phosphate oxidase deficiency (PNPO). METHOD Videos and EEGs were analysed and compared with videos of seizures and paroxysmal events archived from 140 neonates. PDE and PNPO(More)