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Patterns of size inequality in crowded plant populations are often taken to be indicative of the degree of size asymmetry of competition, but recent research suggests that some of the patterns attributed to size-asymmetric competition could be due to spatial structure. To investigate the theoretical relationships between plant density, spatial pattern, and(More)
Evidence of negative conspecific density dependence (NDD) operating on seedling survival and sapling recruitment has accumulated recently. In contrast, evidence of NDD operating on growth of trees has been circumstantial at best. Whether or not local NDD at the level of individual trees leads to NDD at the level of the community is still an open question.(More)
As crowded populations of plants develop, the growth of some plants is accompanied by the death of others, a process called density-dependent mortality or 'self-thinning'. During the course of density-dependent mortality, the relationship between total population biomass (B) and surviving plant density (N) is allometric: B = aN(b). Essentially, increasing(More)
In forests, the vulnerable seedling stage is largely influenced by the canopy, which modifies the surrounding environment. Consequently, any alteration in the characteristics of the canopy, such as those promoted by forest dieback, might impact regeneration dynamics. Our work analyzes the interaction between canopy neighbors and seedlings in Mediterranean(More)
An automated, multidisciplinary optimization procedure for sub-sonic gas turbine compressor blades is presented. Evolutionary optimization algorithms are coupled with existing tools for geometry generation, mechanical integrity analysis and Q3D flow analysis for design and off-design conditions. Aerodynamic and mechanical objectives and constraints are(More)
Amongst the various hypotheses that challenged to explain the coexistence of species with similar life histories, theoretical, and empirical studies suggest that spatial processes may slow down competitive exclusion and hence promote coexistence even in the absence of evident trade-offs and frequent disturbances. We investigated the effects of spatial(More)
—Evolutionary Algorithms have been applied to single and multiple objectives optimization problems, with a strong emphasis on problems, solved through numerical simulations. However in several engineering problems, there is limited availability of suitable models and there is need for optimization of realistic or experimental configurations. The(More)
The relative importance of sexual and clonal reproduction for population growth in clonal plants is highly variable. Clonal reproduction is often more important than sexual reproduction but there is considerable interspecific variation and the importance of the two reproductive modes can change with environmental conditions. We carried out a demographic(More)
Plants stand still and interact with their immediate neighbors. Theory has shown that the distances over which these interactions occur may have important consequences for population and community dynamics. In particular, if intraspecific competition occurs over longer distances than interspecific competition (heteromyopia), coexistence can be promoted. We(More)
1. Motivation and objectives We study the optimization of the spatial distribution of fuel injection rates in a gas turbine burner. An automated procedure is implemented for the optimization. The procedure entails an evolutionary optimization algorithm and an automated interface for the modification of the parameters in the experimental setup for the fuel(More)