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Venom-derived peptide toxins can modify the gating characteristics of excitatory channels in neurons. How they bind and interfere with the flow of ions without directly blocking the ion permeation pathway remains elusive. Here we report the crystal structure of the trimeric chicken Acid-sensing ion channel 1 in complex with the highly selective gating(More)
Fermentation experiments with Streptomyces toxytricini were performed using (5Z,8Z)-[10,11,12,12-(2)H]tetradeca-5,8-dienoic acid or a mixture of [2,2-(2)H(2)]- and [8,8,8-(2)H(3)]octanoic acid as supplements. (2)H NMR and mass spectroscopy confirmed the incorporation of (5Z,8Z)-[10,11,12,12-(2)H]tetradeca-5,8-dienoic acid into the C(13) side chain as well(More)
The lipophilic beta-lactone, lipstatin, inhibits pancreatic lipase and has been shown earlier to be biosynthesized by Claisen condensation of two fatty acid moieties. We present data from incorporation experiments with [U-13C6]leucine showing that a branched chain analogue of lipstatin is biosynthesized from leucine.
Three putative intermediates in the biosynthesis of the lipase inhibitor lipstatin were synthesized in stable isotope-labeled form and were added to fermentation cultures of Streptomyces toxytricini. Biosynthetic lipstatin was isolated and analyzed by NMR spectroscopy. [3,10,11,12-(2)H]-(3S,5Z,8Z)-3-hydroxytetradeca-5,8-dienoic acid (9) was shown to serve(More)
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