Peter Speltz

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AIM Warfarin pharmacogenomic algorithms reduce dosing error, but perform poorly in non-European-Americans. Electronic health record (EHR) systems linked to biobanks may allow for pharmacogenomic analysis, but they have not yet been used for this purpose. PATIENTS & METHODS We used BioVU, the Vanderbilt EHR-linked DNA repository, to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly used for clinical and translational research through the creation of phenotype algorithms. Currently, phenotype algorithms are most commonly represented as noncomputable descriptive documents and knowledge artifacts that detail the protocols for querying diagnoses, symptoms, procedures,(More)
OBJECTIVE Health care generated data have become an important source for clinical and genomic research. Often, investigators create and iteratively refine phenotype algorithms to achieve high positive predictive values (PPVs) or sensitivity, thereby identifying valid cases and controls. These algorithms achieve the greatest utility when validated and shared(More)
This study describes our efforts in developing a standards-based semantic metadata repository for supporting electronic health record (EHR)-driven phenotype authoring and execution. Our system comprises three layers: 1) a semantic data element repository layer; 2) a semantic services layer; and 3) a phenotype application layer. In a prototype(More)
Electronic clinical quality measures (eCQMs) based on the Quality Data Model (QDM) cannot currently be executed against non-standardized electronic health record (EHR) data. To address this gap, we prototyped an implementation of a QDM-based eCQM using KNIME, an open-source platform comprising a wide array of computational workflow tools that are(More)
OBJECTIVE To review and evaluate available software tools for electronic health record-driven phenotype authoring in order to identify gaps and needs for future development. MATERIALS AND METHODS Candidate phenotype authoring tools were identified through (1) literature search in four publication databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus) and(More)
Increasing interest in and experience with electronic health record (EHR)-driven phenotyping has yielded multiple challenges that are at present only partially addressed. Many solutions require the adoption of a single software platform, often with an additional cost of mapping existing patient and phenotypic data to multiple representations. We propose a(More)
of phenotyping tools Enid Montague, PhD; Jie Xu, MS; Luke V. Rasmussen; Joshua C. Denny, MD, MS, Guoqian Jiang, MD, PhD, Richard C. Kiefer, Huan Mo, MD, MS, Jennifer A. Pacheco, Peter Speltz, William K. Thompson, PhD, Jyotishman Pathak, PhD Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; NorthShore(More)
Accurate assessment and evaluation of medical curricula has long been a goal of medical educators. Current methods rely on manually-entered keywords and trainee-recorded logs of case exposure. In this study, we used natural language processing to compare the clinical content coverage in a four-year medical curriculum to the electronic medical record notes(More)