Peter Speelman

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BACKGROUND Recurrent Clostridium difficile infection is difficult to treat, and failure rates for antibiotic therapy are high. We studied the effect of duodenal infusion of donor feces in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection. METHODS We randomly assigned patients to receive one of three therapies: an initial vancomycin regimen (500 mg orally(More)
Aminoglycosides are usually given in two or three divided doses. A once-daily regimen might be more effective and less toxic. We have conducted a randomised trial in consecutive patients with serious infections for whom an aminoglycoside seemed warranted. Exclusion criteria were neutropenia or severely impaired renal function. 123 patients were enrolled.(More)
In 1999, an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease affected many visitors to a flower show in the Netherlands. To identify the source of the outbreak, we performed an environmental investigation, as well as a case-control study among visitors and a serologic cohort study among exhibitors to measure exposure to possible sources. Of 77,061 visitors, 188 became ill(More)
In Bangladesh, clinical records of 323 patients with typhoid fever were reviewed to study the incidence, fatality, and optimal therapy of the complication of intestinal perforation. Fifteen patients (4.6%) developed intestinal perforation. Case-fatality rates were six of nine patients treated medically and one of four patients treated surgically for whom(More)
Saccharomyces boulardii, a nonpathogenic yeast, has been widely used in Europe to prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). We performed a prospective double-blind controlled study to investigate AAD in hospitalized patients and to evaluate the effect of S. boulardii, a living yeast, given in capsule form concurrently with antibiotics. Over 23 mo, 180(More)
Cholangitis is usually the consequence of a combination of factors: impairment of the flow of bile and bacterial colonization of the biliary tract. Although reestablishing biliary drainage is the mainstay of treatment, antibiotics play an important role in the management of cholangitis. In this review, the use of antibiotics for treatment, prophylaxis, and(More)
The clinical significance of differences between antibiotics in endotoxin-liberating potential is unknown. Thirty patients with gram-negative urosepsis were randomized between imipenem and ceftazidime, which have, respectively, a low and a high endotoxin-liberating potential in vitro. In patients treated with ceftazidime, a slower defervescence was noticed.(More)
In recent years 'switch therapy' has been advocated: short intravenous antibiotic therapy, for 2-3 days, followed by oral treatment for the remainder of the course. Little is known about the number of patients that could benefit from early switch therapy and the consequences of introducing this strategy in everyday practice. We prospectively registered all(More)
The detection of heat-labile enterotoxin LT-A and heat-stable enterotoxin ST Ia and ST Ib genes from enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) by using oligonucleotide DNA probes and the PCR was evaluated in reconstruction experiments and by testing stool specimens from 29 healthy subjects and from 50 patients with diarrhea who had returned from the(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 signaling is required for the containment of infections with intracellular microorganisms, such as Listeria monocytogenes and Leishmania major. To determine the role of IL-1 in the host response to tuberculosis, we infected IL-1 type I receptor-deficient (IL-1R(-/-)) mice, in which IL-1 does not exert effects, with Mycobacterium(More)