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This paper focuses on disturbance propagation in vehicle strings. It is known that using only relative spacing information to follow a constant distance behind the preceding vehicle leads to string instability. Specifically, small disturbances acting on one vehicle can propagate and have a large effect on another vehicle. We show that this limitation is due(More)
Perforin-deficient mice have been generated by homologous recombination to determine whether the effects of CD8+ cytolytic T cells and natural killer cells are mediated by pore formation involving perforin. These mice are viable and fertile and have normal numbers of CD8+ T cells and natural killer cells which do not lyse virus-infected or allogeneic(More)
SOSOPT is a Matlab toolbox for formulating and solving Sum-of-Squares (SOS) polynomial optimizations. This document briefly describes the use and functionality of this toolbox. Section 1 introduces the problem formulations for SOS tests, SOS feasibility problems, SOS optimizations, and generalized SOS problems. Section 2 reviews the SOSOPT toolbox for(More)
—We propose a method to compute invariant subsets of the region of attraction for asymptotically stable equilibrium points of polynomial dynamical systems with bounded parametric uncertainty. Parameter-independent Lyapunov functions are used to characterize invariant subsets of the robust region-of-attraction. A branch-and-bound type refinement procedure(More)
The problem of discrete time state estimation with lossy measurements is considered. This problem arises, for example, when measurement data is communicated over wireless channels subject to random interference. We describe the loss probabilities with Markov chains and model the joint plant / measurement loss process as a Markovian Jump Linear System. The(More)
Keywords: Local stability Region-of-attraction Nonlinear dynamics Sum-of-squares programming Simulations a b s t r a c t The problem of computing bounds on the region-of-attraction for systems with polynomial vector fields is considered. Invariant subsets of the region-of-attraction are characterized as sublevel sets of Lyapunov functions.(More)
Rapid removal of pathogens from the circulation by secondary lymphoid organs is prerequisite for successful control of infection. Blood-borne Ags are trapped mainly in the splenic marginal zone. To identify the cell populations responsible for Ag trapping in the marginal zone, mice were selectively depleted of marginal zone macrophages and marginal(More)
This paper considers the stability of a feedback connection of a known linear, time-invariant system and a perturbation. The input/output behavior of the perturbation is described by an integral quadratic constraint (IQC). IQC stability theorems can be formulated in the frequency domain or with a time-domain dissipation inequality. The two approaches are(More)
— Wind turbines are typically operated to maximize their own performance without considering the impact of wake effects on nearby turbines. There is the potential to increase total power and reduce structural loads by properly coordinating the individual turbines in a wind farm. The effective design and analysis of such coordinated controllers requires(More)