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Hydroxyl radicals (OH) are capable of unspecifically cleaving cell-wall polysaccharides in a site-specific reaction. I investigated the hypothesis that cell-wall loosening underlying the elongation growth of plant organs is controlled by apoplastically produced OH attacking load-bearing cell-wall matrix polymers. Isolated cell walls (operationally,(More)
Peroxidases catalyze the dehydrogenation by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) of various phenolic and endiolic substrates in a peroxidatic reaction cycle. In addition, these enzymes exhibit an oxidase activity mediating the reduction of O2 to superoxide (O2.-) and H2O2 by substrates such as NADH or dihydroxyfumarate. Here we show that horseradish peroxidase can also(More)
During gravitropic and phototropic curvature of the maize coleoptile, the cortical microtubules (MTs) adjacent to the outer epidermal cell wall assume opposite orientations at the two sides of the organ. Starting from a uniformly random pattern during straight growth in darkness, the MTs reorientate perpendicularly to the organ axis at the outer (faster(More)
Branching by de novo formation of lateral roots along the primary root of Arabidopsis seedlings follows a complex longitudinal and transverse pattern. How this pattern is generated is presently under debate. The 'bending hypothesis' proposes that lateral root primordia are initiated by a local accumulation of auxin at the convex side of bends resulting from(More)
  • A Pirson, Göttingen M H Zimmermann, Harvard, W Shropshire, H Möhr, K Apel +46 others
  • 2009
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