Peter Schausberger

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We examined intra- and interspecific predation of adult females and immature stages of the generalist Neoseiulus californicus and the specialist Phytoseiulus persimilis. Adult females and immatures of both predators exhibited higher predation rates on larvae than on eggs and protonymphs. N. californicus fed more inter- than intraspecifically. Predation on(More)
Cannibalism, the killing and consumption of conspecific individuals, is a common and widespread phenomenon in the animal kingdom. Cannibalism in phytoseiid mites has been known for decades but until recently reports were mainly observational and experimental data were lacking. Recently, diverse aspects of cannibalism, such as life stage-related cannibalism(More)
In a series of experiments, the interspecific predation and cannibalism on immatures by the adult females of Euseius finlandicus, Kampimodromus aberrans and Typhlodromus pyri were examined under laboratory conditions. The three species showed differing tendencies to prey on each other's motile immature stages. Euseius finlandicus females consumed more(More)
The coconut mite Aceria guerreronis (Eriophyidae) is considered the most important pest of coconut fruits in Africa; however, quantitative knowledge about its distribution and abundance is lacking. We conducted four diagnostic surveys—three in Southern Benin and one along the coast of Tanzania—to determine the distribution of A. guerreronis and the severity(More)
Integration of optimal foraging and optimal oviposition theories suggests that predator females should adjust patch leaving to own and progeny prey needs to maximize current and future reproductive success. We tested this hypothesis in the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis and its patchily distributed prey, the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus(More)
Aceria guerreronis Keifer can cause severe damage to coconuts in several countries around the world. Rare studies have been conducted to determine the predatory mites associated with A. guerreronis in Brazil. The study evaluated the prevalence of A. guerreronis and associated predators on the bracts and on the surface of the fruits underneath the bracts,(More)
Discrimination between and predation preference for con- or heterospecific larvae was examined for adult females of P. persimilis and N. californicus in plexiglass cages with and without their primary prey T. urticae. Rates of intra- and interspecific predation on larvae were measured for females held on leaves and provided with excess amounts of spider(More)
Juvenile survival and development in Euseius finlandicus (Oudemans), Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten and Kampimodromus aberrans (Oudemans) feeding on con- and heterospecific phytoseiid immatures were investigated in the laboratory at 25 ± 1 °C and 65 ± 5% RH. More than 50% of T. pyri protonymphs preying on larvae of K. aberrans or E. finlandicus reached the(More)
The success of combined release of the predatory mitesPhytoseiulus persimilis and Neoseiulus californicus insuppression of spider mites may be related to the effects of the interactionsbetween the two predators on their population dynamics. We studied populationgrowth and persistence of the specialist P. persimilis andthe generalist N. californicus reared(More)
The predation preference of singly caged adult females and nymphs of Typhlodromus pyri and Kampimodromus aberrans for con- or heterospecific immature stages as prey was tested in the laboratory. Both polyphagous predatory mite species have been previously shown to interact directly through predation on each other. The present study demonstrated that the(More)