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Among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can be observed. In a prospective study, sera of 273 patients were examined for the presence of HCV infection by serological tests and by PCR. Thirty-five patients (12.8%) were HCV antibody positive, and in 31 of them HCV RNA could be detected by PCR.(More)
To investigate the vertical transmission of the newly described TT virus (TTV), serum and breast milk samples from 46 women as well as sera from their 47 newborns were examined for the presence of TTV DNA by PCR. TTV DNA was detected in 47.8% (n = 22) of the women. All but one child born to these women were also viremic for TTV from the first sample onward.(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and subtypes is of rising clinical importance. In times where also an increasing need for cost effectiveness can be observed, the demand for fast and easy performable assays grows. OBJECTIVES To evaluate and compare different genotyping methods regarding their reliability, practicability, and(More)
The new Light Cycler technology was adapted to the detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in clinical samples. Sera from 81 patients were tested by Light Cycler PCR, AMPLICOR HCV Monitor assay, and in-house PCR. Our data demonstrate that Light Cycler is a fast and reliable method for the detection and quantitation of HCV RNA.
In vitro, lactoferrin (LF) strongly inhibits human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), which led us to hypothesize that in vivo HCMV might also be inhibited in secretions with high LF concentrations. In breast milk, high viral loads observed as high viral DNA titers tended to coincide with higher LF levels. However, the LF levels did not correlate to virus transmission(More)
Paraffin-embedded necropsy material from 6 patients with human cytomegalovirus encephalitis (HCMVE) corroborated by immunocytochemistry and 11 control cases were examined for the presence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) DNA by a nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR). A characteristic 183 base pair (bp) fragment of the HCMV genome could readily be(More)
Serological determination of hepatitis C virus (HCV) subtypes has been hampered by the lack of suitable assays. Therefore, a recombinant immunoblot assay has been established for serological differentiation of HCV subtypes 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, and 4a. It consists of recombinant HCV proteins from the NS-4 region propagated in Escherichia coli. To confirm the(More)
The rate of false-positive hepatitis C virus enzyme immunoassay results was determined to be at least 10% among 1,814 reactive serum samples based on (i) negative results in an independent confirmation assay, (ii) negative PCR results, and (iii) no patients developing clinical or biochemical signs of hepatitis during a 1-year follow-up.
BACKGROUND Genotypic resistance of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) against lamivudine evolves within months after onset of therapy. OBJECTIVES To determine the longitudinal order in which resistance mutations appear and to compare the kinetics and pathogenicity of wild-type and resistant HBV. STUDY DESIGN In a longitudinal study, consecutive samples were drawn(More)