Peter S. Rodman

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Nishida introduces his volume with a review of 25 years of research on chimpanzees of the Mahale mountains. He includes a thumbnail sketch of the early years of primatology in Japan dating back to approximately 1950 and Imanishi's interests in the origins of the human family. The epigram above marks a turning point in the rationale for the Japanese study of(More)
1. Existing theory suggests that territoriality will evolve when resources are limited and defendable, but defendability has seldom been analyzed quantitatively. 2. Here we argue that defendability depends on the ability of an animal to monitor the boundaries of its range in order to detect potential intruders and introduce an index of defendability (D)(More)
Compared to most quadrupedal mammals, humans are energetically inefficient when running at high speeds. This fact can be taken to mean that human dipedalism evolved for reasons other than to reduce relative energy cost durding locomotion. Recalculation of the energy expending expended during human walking at normal speeds shows that 1) human bipedalism is(More)
We investigated the time allocation decisions of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in a terra firma forest in eastern Ecuador where they occur sympatrically with 9 other primate species. Woolly monkeys spent considerable amounts of time searching for and attempting to procure animal prey—roughly as much time as they spent consuming(More)
The importance of individual identity and kinship has been demonstrated in the social behavior of many nonhuman primates, with some evidence suggesting that individually distinctive acoustic features are present in their vocalizations as well. In order to systematically test whether acoustic cues to identity are reliably present across the vocal repertoire(More)
We use data from an observational field study of frugivory in two sympatric gibbons, lar (Hylobates lar) and siamang (H. syndactylus), to test assumptions and predictions of the marginal value model (MVM). A key prediction of the MVM is that marginal gain rates at the time of leaving the patch are equal across patch types. We found that this is not the case(More)
Comparative Primate Socioecology is composed of 15 chapters in three sections, with brief editor’s introductions to each section and a brief editor’s conclusion. Part I addresses formal comparative methods; parts II and III examine primate life histories and socioecology. Many authors of chapters in the latter parts address their topics using formal(More)
Females of several species of macaques form cohesive matrilineal units in which all members share a collective status. The relationship between rank and kinship inMacaca radiata has not previously been studied. Analysis of observations of social interactions in a large and stable captive group ofM. radiata and longitudinal study of kinship and reproductive(More)
Macaca nemestrina andM. fascicularis coexist through much of their geographic ranges in Southeast Asia, but locally they segregate into drier hilly terrain and wetter alluvial riverine terrain respectively. SinceM. fascicularis travel arboraally andM. nemestrina, travel terrestrially, structural characteristics of habitats on the two different substrates(More)