Peter S. Penglis

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The two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2, both metabolize arachidonic acid to PGH(2), the common substrate for thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)), prostacyclin (PGI(2)), and PGE(2) synthesis. We characterized the synthesis of these prostanoids in HUVECs in relation to COX-1 and COX-2 activity. Untreated HUVEC expressed only COX-1, whereas addition of(More)
There is an autocrine relationship between eicosanoid and cytokine synthesis, with the ratio of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)/thromboxane A2 (TXA2) being one of the determinants of the level of cytokine synthesis. In monocytes, cyclooxygenase type 1 (COX-1) activity appears to favor TXA2 production and COX-2 activity appears to favor PGE2 production. This has led(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors belong to a new class of drugs which have anti-inflammatory efficacy similar to that of traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but are associated with a reduced incidence of adverse upper gastrointestinal events. Biochemical evidence that COX-2 inhibitors could promote or exacerbate a tendency to(More)
OBJECTIVES Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease for which immunogenetic susceptibility factors have been defined. In a recent case control study, it was shown that a prior intimate relationship with pet cats or budgerigars confers risk for subsequent development of RA after a period of latency. Pets are a potential reservoir for(More)
The eicosanoids, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2), are involved in inflammatory events. TXA2 has potentially pro-inflammatory actions and PGE2 has actions which can be considered both pro- and anti-inflammatory. Therefore, it is potentially significant that production of TXA2 and PGE2 by stimulated monocytes have very different time(More)
The discovery of two cyclooxygenase isozymes, constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2, has resulted in the rapid development of selective inhibitors of COX-2, such as celecoxib and rofecoxib. Compared with traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug agents, use of COX-2 selective inhibitors is associated with decreased incidence of adverse gastric(More)
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