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1. The long-term level of arterial pressure is dependent on the relationship between arterial pressure and the urinary output of salt and water, which, in turn, is affected by a number of factors, including renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA). In the present brief review, we consider the mechanisms within the brain that can influence RSNA, focusing(More)
Circulating ANG II modulates the baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate (HR), at least partly via activation of ANG II type 1 (AT1) receptors on neurons in the area postrema. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the effects of circulating ANG II on the baroreflex also depend on AT1 receptors within the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). In(More)
Microinjections of low doses (in the femtomolar or low picomolar range) of angiotensin II (Ang II) into the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) evoke depressor responses. In this study we have mapped in the rat the precise location of the subregion within the NTS at which Ang II evokes significant sympathoinhibitory and depressor responses. Microinjections of 1(More)
Neurons within the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) play a pivotal role in the tonic and phasic control of blood pressure. This region also contains a high density of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors. There is evidence that tonic activation of AT1 receptors in the RVLM contributes to an increased sympathetic vasomotor activity in some models of(More)
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