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Using RNAi screening, proteomics, cell biological and mouse genetics approaches, we have identified a complex of nine proteins, seven of which are disrupted in human ciliopathies. A transmembrane component, TMEM231, localizes to the basal body before and independently of intraflagellar transport in a Septin 2 (Sept2)-regulated fashion. The localizations of(More)
Intracellular lipopolysaccharide from Gram-negative bacteria including Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Burkholderia thailandensis activates mouse caspase-11, causing pyroptotic cell death, interleukin-1β processing, and lethal septic shock. How caspase-11 executes these downstream signalling events is largely unknown. Here(More)
Host cell proteins (HCPs) are among the process-related impurities monitored during recombinant protein pharmaceutical process development. The challenges of HCP detection include (1) low levels of residual HCPs present in large excess of product protein, (2) the assay must measure a large number of different protein analytes, and (3) the population of HCP(More)
Protein conformation and function are often inextricably linked, such that the states a protein adopts define its enzymatic activity or its affinity for various partners. Here we combine computational design with macromolecular display to isolate functional conformations of ubiquitin that tightly bind the catalytic core of the oncogenic ubiquitin-specific(More)
Melanoma inhibitory activity member 3 (MIA3/TANGO1) [corrected] is an evolutionarily conserved endoplasmic reticulum resident transmembrane protein. Recent in vitro studies have shown that it is required for the loading of collagen VII, but not collagen I, into COPII-coated transport vesicles. In this paper, we show that mice lacking Mia3 are defective for(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling is controlled intracellularly by the level of β-catenin protein, which is dependent on Axin scaffolding of a complex that phosphorylates β-catenin to target it for ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation. This function of Axin is counteracted through relocalization of Axin protein to the Wnt receptor complex to allow for(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) acts as a co-receptor for class 3 semaphorins and vascular endothelial growth factor and is an attractive angiogenesis target for cancer therapy. In addition to the transmembrane form, naturally occurring soluble NRP1 proteins containing part of the extracellular domain have been identified in tissues and a cell line. We developed ELISAs(More)
Gasdermin-D (GsdmD) is a critical mediator of innate immune defense because its cleavage by the inflammatory caspases 1, 4, 5, and 11 yields an N-terminal p30 fragment that induces pyroptosis, a death program important for the elimination of intracellular bacteria. Precisely how GsdmD p30 triggers pyroptosis has not been established. Here we show that human(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence implicates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in acquired resistance to anticancer drugs; however, mechanisms by which the mesenchymal state determines drug resistance remain unknown. RESULTS To explore a potential role for altered cellular metabolism in EMT and associated drug resistance, we(More)
Ubiquitin is a highly conserved eukaryotic protein that interacts with a diverse set of partners to act as a cellular signaling hub. Ubiquitin's conformational flexibility has been postulated to underlie its multifaceted recognition. Here we use computational and library-based means to interrogate core mutations that modulate the conformational dynamics of(More)