Peter S Kruger

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Beneficial effects with statin use are increasingly reported in a variety of patient groups. There is in vitro and clinical evidence for its antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory therapeutic roles. We aimed to assess the association between statin administration and mortality in bacteraemic patients. A retrospective cohort analysis. A 300-bed acute general(More)
RATIONALE In patients on prior statin therapy who are hospitalized for acute infections, current literature is unclear on whether statins should be continued during their hospitalization. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that continuation of therapy with statins influences the inflammatory response to infection and that cessation may cause an(More)
RATIONALE Observational studies link statin therapy with improved outcomes in patients with severe sepsis. OBJECTIVES To test whether atorvastatin therapy affects biologic and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with severe sepsis. METHODS Phase II, multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial stratified by site(More)
Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is an uncommon clinical syndrome with a high morbidity and mortality. The commonest bacterial pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus. We describe the study of a patient with cavernous sinus thrombosis and meningitis caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) infection. The isolate was genotyped as the(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to explore the impact of augmented creatinine clearance and differing minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) on piperacillin pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment (time above MIC (fT>MIC)) in critically ill patients with sepsis receiving intermittent dosing. METHODS To be eligible for enrolment,(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent reports have highlighted the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and suggested an association with excess mortality in critically ill patients. Serum vitamin D concentrations in these studies were measured following resuscitation. It is unclear whether aggressive fluid resuscitation independently influences serum vitamin D. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE This review seeks to identify original research articles that link antibiotic dosing and the development of antibiotic resistance for different antibiotic classes. Using this data, we seek to apply pharmacodynamic principles to assist clinical practice for suppressing the emergence of resistance. Concepts such as mutant selection window and mutant(More)
UNLABELLED While statins are indicated to reduce blood cholesterol levels, they also have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. Several observational cohort studies suggested that statins may improve survival and reduce complications in patients with sepsis. Recent randomized controlled studies in critically ill patients have been conducted and(More)
INTRODUCTION As even small concentrations of acetate in the plasma result in pro-inflammatory and cardiotoxic effects, it has been removed from renal replacement fluids. However, Plasma-Lyte 148 (Plasma-Lyte), an electrolyte replacement solution containing acetate plus gluconate is a common circuit prime for cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB). No published data(More)
A survey was conducted to assess the knowledge and trends of use of the pulmonary artery catheter amongst intensive care practitioners in Australasia. A 31-item multiple choice questionnaire, identical to one previously trialled in studies in the United States and Europe, was distributed to all registered intensive care specialists and trainees working in(More)