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The importance of the isoform CYP2E1 of the human cytochrome P-450 superfamily of enzymes for occupational and environmental medicine is derived from its unique substrate spectrum that includes a number of highly important high-production chemicals, such as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, solvents and industrial monomers (i.a. alkanes, alkenes,(More)
Quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the content of mRNA derived from four CYP3A genes (CYP3A2, CYP3A9, CYP3A18, and CYP3A23) in rat liver. CYP3A2 and CYP3A9 gene expression was age- and sex-dependent, whereas CYP3A18 and CYP3A23 mRNA were observed before and after puberty at fairly constant levels that were(More)
Aromatic amines have been shown to cause bladder cancer. However, epithelial cells of the urinary bladder, cells of origin of bladder cancer, may be exposed to numerous substances besides aromatic amines. In the present study, we analysed possible interactions between the aromatic amines 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) as well as 2-naphthylamine (2-NA) and the(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, arylamines and nitrosamines, constituents of cigarette smoke, are known inducers of bladder cancer. The biochemical response of the target tissue, the bladder urothelium, following inhalation of cigarette smoke has not been studied so far. We used exfoliated transitional urothelial cells from human urine samples to analyze(More)
In general, xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) are expressed in lower levels in the extrahepatic tissues than in the liver, making the former less relevant for the clearance of xenobiotics. Local metabolism, however, may lead to tissue-specific adverse responses, e.g. organ toxicities, allergies or cancer. This review summarizes the knowledge on the(More)
Inherited genetic traits co-determine the susceptibility of an individual to a toxic chemical. Special emphasis has been put on individual responses to environmental and industrial carcinogens, but other chronic diseases are of increasing interest. Polymorphisms of relevant xenobiotic metabolising enzymes may be used as toxicological susceptibility markers.(More)
We have analyzed the induction of the cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP1A1 as a biomarker of effect in duodenum, liver and kidney of rats after oral intake of contaminated soil particles. The soil samples originated from industrial sites and were contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to variable extents, ranging from 60 to 4700 mg PAH/kg soil.(More)
Cultured primary porcine urinary bladder epithelial cells (PUBEC) represent an adequate and easy to handle in vitro system for studies of urothelial toxicity. PUBEC maintain in vivo-like metabolic activities and physiological functions. They express inducible cytochrome P4501A isoenzymes, which are of particular relevance, since they contribute to(More)
Expression of cytochromes P450 CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2E1 and CYP4B1 was analysed on the transcript level in human urothelial cells obtained by various methods. As a source of urothelial cells, exfoliated cells in urine samples were used. Their expression profiles were determined either immediately after centrifugal enrichment (n=4) or after their cultivation(More)
As phytochemicals have the potential to counteract adverse effects of carcinogens we investigated the influence of the flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol on benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) mediated effects on human colon cancer cells, Caco-2. We focused on concerted effects on the expression of AhR and Nrf2 pathway components. In contrast to kaempferol, BaP and(More)