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Hydrocephalus is a common complication of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in children. In this study, 217 patients with stage II and III TBM and hydrocephalus (TBMH) were reviewed. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) was performed in the acute stage if the hydrocephalus was non-communicating or following failed medical therapy if the hydrocephalus was(More)
The 2-year follow-up results for a randomized placebo-controlled study of 47 patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis treated with either the new diarylquinoline TMC207, recently renamed bedaquiline, or placebo, added to the first 8 weeks of a background regimen, are presented. Bedaquiline significantly reduced the time to culture conversion(More)
Serial cranial computed tomographic (CT) scanning and intracranial pressure monitoring were performed on 198 children with stage II and III tuberculous meningitis. The aims of the study were to document the course of tuberculous hydrocephalus during medical and surgical treatment, as well as the prognostic significance of parenchymal changes in the brain as(More)
The effect of different treatment regimes on intracranial pressure (ICP), degree of hydrocephalus and clinical outcome was evaluated in 81 children with tuberculous meningitis. 24 children underwent CSF shunting, while 57 with communicating hydrocephalus were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: antituberculous drugs only; or additional intrathecal(More)
The pre-chemotherapy literature documented the natural history of tuberculosis in childhood. These disease descriptions remain invaluable for guiding public health policy and research, as the introduction of effective chemotherapy radically changed the history of disease. Specific high-risk groups were identified. Primary infection before 2 years of age(More)
Tuberculous meningitis causes substantial mortality and morbidity in children and adults. More research is urgently needed to better understand the pathogenesis of disease and to improve its clinical management and outcome. A major stumbling block is the absence of standardised diagnostic criteria. The different case definitions used in various studies(More)
One of the obstacles in discussing childhood tuberculosis (TB) is the lack of standard descriptive terminology to classify the diverse spectrum of disease. Accurate disease classification is important, because the correct identification of the specific disease entity has definite prognostic significance. Accurate classification will also improve study(More)
MR imaging was performed on 27 children with stage II–III tuberculous meningitis for the specific purpose of examining the brainstem, as well as comparison with other CT features of the disease. In addition to defining the ischemic disturbances of basal ganglia and diencephalon more clearly, MR also demonstrates the frequent occurrence of parenchymal signal(More)
During a 16-month period children presenting to a pediatric outpatient facility from an area with a high tuberculosis incidence (> 400/100,000) and suspected of having respiratory tuberculosis (TB) were evaluated for close contact with adult pulmonary tuberculosis, weight loss, symptom duration, respiratory signs, lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly and(More)
Intracranial pressure (ICP) was monitored in 218 consecutive children with hydrocephalus secondary to tuberculous meningitis (TBM). All children underwent cranial computerized tomographic (CT) scanning and continuous lumbar cerebrospinal (CSF) pressure monitoring on admission. Noncommunicating hydrocephalus (37 children), as determined by air(More)