Learn More
SUMMARY Artemis is a DNA sequence visualization and annotation tool that allows the results of any analysis or sets of analyses to be viewed in the context of the sequence and its six-frame translation. Artemis is especially useful in analysing the compact genomes of bacteria, archaea and lower eukaryotes, and will cope with sequences of any size from small(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated from patients with disseminated infection are often of the porin (Por1A) serotype and resist killing by nonimmune normal human serum. The molecular basis of this resistance (termed stable serum resistance) in these strains has not been fully defined but is not related to sialylation of lipooligosaccharide. Here we demonstrate(More)
BACKGROUND Black women are more likely to have bacterial vaginosis (BV) than are non-Hispanic white women. We examined whether this disparity can be explained by racial differences in known BV risk factors. METHODS Nine hundred black and 235 white women were enrolled from five US sites. At baseline, structured interviews were conducted and vaginal swabs(More)
Septic arthritis caused by N gonorrhoeae is monoarticular or pauciarticular, and is more commonly associated with positive synovial fluid cultures and negative blood cultures. Gonococcal bacteremia is more likely to be associated with polyarthralgias and skin lesions. The diagnosis of gonococcal arthritis or DGI is also secure if a mucosal gonococcal(More)
Factor H (fH), a key alternative complement pathway regulator, is a cofactor for factor I-mediated cleavage of C3b. fH consists of 20 short consensus repeat (SCR) domains. Sialic acid binding domains have previously been localized to fH SCRs 6-10 and 13. To examine fH binding on a sialylated microbial surface, we grew Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the presence(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis have evolved intricate mechanisms to evade complement-mediated killing. Sialylation of gonococcal lipooligosaccharide (LOS) results in conversion of previously serum sensitive strains to unstable serum resistance, which is mediated by factor H binding. Porin (Por) is also instrumental in mediating stable(More)
The complement system comprises several fluid-phase and membrane-associated proteins. Under physiological conditions, activation of the fluid-phase components of complement is maintained under tight control and complement activation occurs primarily on surfaces recognized as "nonself" in an attempt to minimize damage to bystander host cells. Membrane(More)
We screened 29 strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and found 16/21 strains that resisted killing by normal human serum and 0/8 serum sensitive strains that bound the complement regulator, C4b-binding protein (C4bp). Microbial surface-bound C4bp demonstrated cofactor activity. We constructed gonococcal strains with hybrid porin (Por) molecules derived from each(More)
Candidate vaccine antigens for preventing otitis media caused by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHI) should possess one or more conserved epitopes. We sought to evaluate the candidacy of P1, a surface-expressed outer membrane protein knowing that this antigen is subject to diversifying selection. Therefore, we selected NTHI strains from among >500(More)
Forty-nine patients with disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI) hospitalized at Boston City and University Hospitals over a 7-year period were studied. Patients with clinical manifestations of DGI and with cervical, urethral, rectal, pharyngeal, synovial or blood cultures positive for Neisseria gonorrhoeae were separated into two groups based on the(More)