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One hundred and fourteen patients with acute leukemia, 57 children (10 AML and 47 ALL) and 57 adults (37 AML and 20 ALL) were treated with L-asparaginase (Asnase) 200 or 1000 IU/kg daily for 30 days unless withdrawn on account of side effects. Combinations with other cytotoxic drugs were used in all but eight patients. Hypersensitive reactions, decrease in(More)
Navelbine (NVB) is a new semi-synthetic Vinca alkaloid selected on the basis of its affinity for tubulin. NVB inhibits the polymerisation of tubulin and it has significant antitumor activity on P388 and L1210 leukemias and some other experimental tumors. In the present study, 20 patients (9 carcinomas, 10 lymphomas and 1 blastic crisis of chronic myeloid(More)
Free radicals, intermediates in the tissue damage caused by radiation, are formed, inter alia, in interactions catalyzed by iron, which synergizes with radiation and some cytostatics (anthracyclins) in causing cell damage. Conversely, iron chelators can counteract cell damage. Similarly, antioxidants can slow atherogenesis, caused in part by oxidative(More)
By using a quantitative RNA-RNA solution hybridisation method, the average number of mdr1 RNA transcripts per cell was measured in total nucleic acid extracts of leukaemic cells from patients with acute leukaemia. The results in different types of leukaemia were (number of patients with detectable mdr1 RNA/total number of patients; median number of(More)
The present results demonstrate leukotriene and lipoxin synthesis in human bone marrow and link these findings to biological effects in the same tissue. However, the mechanisms behind the described effects on myeloid progenitor cell growth are presently unknown. It is conceivable that both leukotrienes and lipoxins may act through modulation of endogenous(More)
Vitamin A and its derivatives, so-called retinoids, can prevent squamous metaplasia induced not only by vitamin A deficiency but also by carcinogenic hydrocarbons. An aromatic retinoid, such as ET1, has been shown to prevent chemically induced papillomas in mice and to amplify certain immunologic reactions. Heavy smokers, 106 volunteers, were submitted to(More)
The regulatory role of leukotrienes (LT) on human myelopoiesis was investigated. Mononuclear bone marrow cells from 31 healthy donors were cultivated in the presence of suboptimal concentrations of recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for 10 days in semisolid agar. The addition of LTC4 or LTB4 to the cultures(More)
Intestinal absorption of calcium from three different labelled calcium preparations (all containing 500 mg elemental calcium) was determined using the whole body retention and urinary excretion of 47Ca in 14 normal subjects. Chewable calcium carbonate tablets showed a significantly (p less than 0.05) better mean minimum absorption of calcium (25.6% in exp.(More)