Peter R. Sinclair

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In earlier studies, sodium arsenite treatment was shown to decrease induction of enzymatic activities associated with hepatic CYPs in rats. Here we investigated the effect of sodium arsenite on induction of CYP2B, CYP1A, and CYP3A in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Arsenite decreased the induction of all three families of CYP, as measured enzymatically(More)
CYP2E is considered the only form of cytochrome P450 responsible for ethanol-mediated increases in acetaminophen hepatotoxicity. However, in experimental systems used for investigating ethanol-mediated increases in acetaminophen hepatotoxicity, animals are withdrawn from ethanol for 16 to 24 hr before the administration of acetaminophen to ensure the(More)
To study liver toxicity and uroporphyrin (URO) accumulation and urinary excretion, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a potent ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), is often used as the prototype. In this study, we asked the question how important is the role of CYP1A1 in causing TCDD toxicity. Using a single large intraperitoneal dose of(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if isopentanol alone or in combination with ethanol increased CYP2B1/2, CYP2E or CYP3A in the livers of rats. Increasing doses of isopentanol (0.5, 1, 2 or 3%) were administered in combination with 5.6% ethanol in the Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 7 days. Doses of 0.5 or 3% isopentanol were also administered(More)
Ethanol and isopentanol are the predominant alcohols in alcoholic beverages. We have reported previously that pretreatment of rats with a liquid diet containing 6.3% ethanol plus 0.5% isopentanol for 7 days results in a synergistic increase in acetaminophen hepatotoxicity, compared with rats treated with either alcohol alone. Here, we investigated the role(More)
Using Cyp1a2(-/-) mice we previously showed that CYP1A2 is absolutely required for hepatic uroporphyrin accumulation caused by iron and 5-aminolevulinate (ALA) treatment, both in the presence and absence of an inducer of CYP1A2. In this study we have used these mice to investigate whether CYP1A2 has an obligatory role in hepatic uroporphyria caused by(More)
Arsenic is a naturally occurring, worldwide contaminant implicated in numerous pathological conditions in humans, including cancer and several forms of liver disease. One of the contributing factors to these disorders may be the alteration of cytochrome P450 (P450) levels by arsenic. P450s are involved in the oxidative metabolism and elimination of numerous(More)
In earlier studies, treatment with sodium arsenite was shown to decrease total hepatic CYP in rats. A concomitant increase in heme oxygenase, the rate-limiting step in heme degradation to biliverdin, was considered responsible for the decrease in CYP. Here we investigated the effect of sodium arsenite on induction of CYP2H, CYP1A, and heme oxygenase in(More)
CYP2E1 has been reported to have an essential role in alcohol-mediated increases in hepatic steatosis and acetaminophen hepatotoxicity. We found that pretreatment of Cyp2e1(-/-) mice with ethanol plus isopentanol, the predominant alcohols in alcoholic beverages, for 7 days resulted in micro- and macrovesicular steatosis in the livers of all mice, as well as(More)
When hepatocytes are cultured on matrigel, a reconstituted basement membrane matrix, mRNAs for cytochrome P450 class IIB1/2 and class III genes can be induced by treatment with phenobarbital. We took advantage of this new system to critically evaluate the role of heme as a regulator of these cytochromes P450 and of 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALA-S), the(More)