Peter R Shewry

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The plant seed is not only an organ of propagation and dispersal but also the major plant tissue harvested by humankind. The amount of protein present in seeds varies from -10% (in cereals) to -40% (in certain legumes and oilseeds) of the dry weight, forming a major source of dietary protein. Although the vast majority of the individual proteins present in(More)
The high molecular weight (HMW) subunits of wheat glutenin are major determinants of the elastic properties of gluten that allow the use of wheat doughs to make bread, pasta, and a range of other foods. There are both quantitative and qualitative effects of HMW subunits on the quality of the grain, the former being related to differences in the number of(More)
Storage proteins account for about 50% of the total protein in mature cereal grains and have important impacts on their nutritional quality for humans and livestock and on their functional properties in food processing. Current knowledge of the structures and properties of the prolamin and globulin storage proteins of cereals and their mechanisms of(More)
Prolamins are the major storage proteins in most cereal seeds, and as such are an important source of dietary protein for man and his livestock. In addition the prolamins of wheat are the major components of gluten, the properties of which determine the quality of wheat flour for various technological processes including breadmaking [1]. Gluten was one of(More)
Proteinaceous serine proteinase inhibitors are widespread throughout the plant kingdom where they play an important role in protection against pests and pathogens. Here, we describe the isolation and characterisation of a novel 14 amino acid residue cyclic peptide from sunflower seeds, which is a potent inhibitor of trypsin (Ki=100 pM). The crystal(More)
A cDNA, cRKIN1, encoding a putative homologue of the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) SNF1-encoded protein-serine/threonine kinase, has been isolated from a library prepared from rye endosperm mRNA. Northern blot analysis demonstrated the presence of cRKIN1-related transcripts in developing endosperms but not in shoots, and Southern blot analysis showed the(More)
The alarm pheromone for many species of aphids, which causes dispersion in response to attack by predators or parasitoids, consists of the sesquiterpene (E)-beta-farnesene (Ebetaf). We used high levels of expression in Arabidopsis thaliana plants of an Ebetaf synthase gene cloned from Mentha x piperita to cause emission of pure Ebetaf. These plants elicited(More)