Peter R. McDonald

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Target identification and validation remain difficult steps in the drug discovery process, and uncovering the core genes and pathways that are fundamental for cancer cell survival may facilitate this process. Glioblastoma represents a challenging form of cancer for chemotherapy. Therefore, we assayed 16,560 short interfering RNA (siRNA) aimed at identifying(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase (MKP)-1 is a dual-specificity phosphatase that negatively regulates the activity of mitogen-activated kinases and that is overexpressed in human tumors. Contemporary studies suggest that induction of MKP-1 during chemotherapy may limit the efficacy of clinically used antineoplastic agents. Thus, MKP-1 is a(More)
HuR, an RNA binding protein, binds to adenine- and uridine-rich elements (ARE) in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of target mRNAs, regulating their stability and translation. HuR is highly abundant in many types of cancer, and it promotes tumorigenesis by interacting with cancer-associated mRNAs, which encode proteins that are implicated in different tumor(More)
High throughput screening (HTS) facilitates screening large numbers of compounds against a biochemical target of interest using validated biological or biophysical assays. In recent years, a significant number of drugs in clinical trails originated from HTS campaigns, validating HTS as a bona fide mechanism for hit finding. In the current drug discovery(More)
Discovering chemosensitivity pathways or nodes is an attractive strategy for formulating new drug combinations for cancer. Microtubules are among the most successful anticancer drug targets. Therefore, we implemented a small interfering RNA (siRNA) synthetic lethal screen targeting 5520 unique druggable genes to identify novel chemosensitivity nodes for(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a high-grade brain malignancy arising from astrocytes. Despite aggressive surgical approaches, optimized radiation therapy regimens, and the application of cytotoxic chemotherapies, the median survival of patients with GBM from time of diagnosis remains less than 15 months, having changed little in decades. Approaches that(More)
A case is presented of a 55-year-old Caucasian male whose right eye was enucleated for a mixed spindle-A and spindle-B malignant melanoma in 1967. The ophthalmoscopic picture, fluorescein angiography, and overlying peculiar orange pigmentation were suggestive of a malignant lesion. Study of serial sections of the entire lesion made possible the histologic(More)
A 43-year-old woman developed a heterophile-negative infectious mononucleosis syndrome for which no cause was apparent. During her illness she developed subjective changes in the central vision of her right eye and had focal retinal inflammation, which suggested the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis. The clinical course was accompanied by an increased titer to(More)
cDNAs encoding three protein phosphatases, termed PP2Bw (Da Cruz e Silva, E.F. and Cohen, P.T.W. (1989) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1009, 293-296), PPZ1 and PPZ2 that have been isolated from a Clontech 'rabbit brain' library are shown to be Saccharomyces cerevisiae clones. PPZ1 and PPZ2 are two novel yeast phosphatases showing 93% amino acid sequence identity to(More)
A major challenge for the treatment of cancers, such as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), has been resistance to radiation and cancer chemotherapeutics. Short interfering RNA (siRNA) based screening may facilitate the identification of genes and pathways essential for cancer cell survival and could enable a more targeted therapeutic approach for the treatment(More)