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Recent measurements have demonstrated that the dielectric properties of cells depend on their type and physiological status. For example, MDA-231 human breast cancer cells were found to have a mean plasma membrane specific capacitance of 26 mF/m(2), more than double the value (11 mF/m(2)) observed for resting T-lymphocytes. When an inhomogeneous ac electric(More)
Electrorotation measurements were used to demonstrate that the dielectric properties of the metastatic human breast cancer cell line MDA231 were significantly different from those of erythrocytes and T lymphocytes. These dielectric differences were exploited to separate the cancer cells from normal blood cells by appropriately balancing the hydrodynamic and(More)
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is an electrokinetic method that allows intrinsic dielectric properties of suspended cells to be exploited for discrimination and separation. It has emerged as a promising method for isolating circulation tumor cells (CTCs) from blood. DEP-isolation of CTCs is independent of cell surface markers. Furthermore, isolated CTCs are viable(More)
The specific membrane capacitance and conductivity of mammalian cells, which reflect their surface morphological complexities and membrane barrier functions, respectively, have been shown to respond to cell physiologic and pathologic changes. Here, the effects of induced apoptosis on these membrane properties of cultured human promyelocytic HL-60 cells are(More)
Dielectrophoretic field-flow-fractionation (DEP-FFF) was applied to several clinically relevant cell separation problems, including the purging of human breast cancer cells from normal T-lymphocytes and from CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells, the separation of the major leukocyte subpopulations, and the enrichment of leukocytes from blood. Cell separations(More)
We present the principle of cell characterization and separation by dielectrophoretic field-flow fractionation and show preliminary experimental results. The operational device takes the form of a thin chamber in which the bottom wall supports an array of microelectrodes. By applying appropriate AC voltage signals to these electrodes, dielectrophoretic(More)
The separation and purification of human blood cell subpopulations is an essential step in many biomedical applications. New dielectrophoretic fractionation methods have great potential for cell discrimination and manipulation, both for microscale diagnostic applications and for much larger scale clinical problems. To discover whether human leukocyte(More)
The characterization of a dielectrophoretic/gravitational field-flow-fractionation (DEP/G-FFF) system using model polystyrene (PS) microbeads is presented. Separations of PS beads of different surface functionalization (COOH and none) and different sizes (6, 10, and 15 microm in diameter) are demonstrated. To investigate the factors influencing separation(More)
We have applied the microfluidic cell separation method of dielectrophoretic field-flow fractionation (DEP-FFF) to the enrichment of a putative stem cell population from an enzyme-digested adipose tissue derived cell suspension. A DEP-FFF separator device was constructed using a novel microfluidic-microelectronic hybrid flex-circuit fabrication approach(More)
The application of dielectrophoretic field-flow fractionation (depFFF) to the isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from clinical blood specimens was studied using simulated cell mixtures of three different cultured tumor cell types with peripheral blood. The depFFF method can not only exploit intrinsic tumor cell properties so that labeling is(More)