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Elucidating the signalling mechanisms by which obesity leads to impaired insulin action is critical in the development of therapeutic strategies for the treatment of diabetes. Recently, mice deficient for S6 Kinase 1 (S6K1), an effector of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) that acts to integrate nutrient and insulin signals, were shown to be(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell specific mitogen that has been implicated in hypoxia-mediated angiogenesis under physiological and pathological conditions. We used the middle cerebral artery occlusion model (MCAO) in the rat to investigate VEGF mRNA and protein localization, and VEGFR-1 mRNA and VEGFR-2 mRNA expression in(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a key regulator of vasculogenesis and embryonic angiogenesis, was recently found to be up-regulated in an animal model of stroke. Unlike VEGF, angiopoietin (Ang)-1 and -2, their receptor tie-2, and the associated receptor tie-1 exert their functions at later stages of vascular development, i.e., during vascular(More)
Ras is a universal eukaryotic intracellular protein integrating extracellular signals from multiple receptor types. To investigate its role in the adult central nervous system, constitutively activated V12-Ha-Ras was expressed selectively in neurons of transgenic mice via a synapsin promoter. Ras-transgene protein expression increased postnatally, reaching(More)
Antiangiogenic therapy is a promising new strategy of inhibiting tumor growthand formation of metastases. Recently, a number of compounds with different effects on tumor endothelial cells have entered clinical trials and revealed the need for diagnostic methods to detect their biological activity. Dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (dyMRI) is used(More)
Aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and ErbB2 expression are associated with advanced disease and poor patient prognosis in many tumor types (breast, lung, ovarian, prostate, glioma, gastric, and squamous carcinoma of head and neck). In addition, a constitutively active EGFR type III deletion mutant has been identified in non-small cell lung(More)
The effect of thrombolytic therapy was studied in rats submitted to thromboembolic stroke by intracarotid injection of autologous blood clots. Thrombolysis was initiated after 15 minutes with an intracarotid infusion of recombinant tissue-type activator (10 mg/kg body weight). Reperfusion was monitored for 3 hours using serial perfusion- and diffusion(More)
Dysregulated angiogenesis and high tumor vasculature permeability, two vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated processes and hallmarks of human tumors, are in part phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) dependent. NVP-BEZ235, a dual PI3K/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, was found to potently inhibit VEGF-induced cell proliferation(More)
Focal brain ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. The volume of cerebral damage was determined 2 days later by MRI in vivo and in the same animals histologically. The edema volume as measured by MRI and the histologically determined infarction was highly correlated. As a consequence, the neuroprotective effect of the(More)
We studied the effects of rt-PA (recombinant tissue type-plasminogen activator) treatment on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after thromboembolic stroke in rat. New MRI methods of diffusion and perfusion imaging to observe the hemodynamic and biophysical effects of thrombolysis were combined with methods for assessment of BBB disturbances. In untreated(More)