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INTRODUCTION The kinematics of a robotic device significantly determines its installation space when it comes to technical realisation. With regard to the deployment of robotic manipulators in surgery, manipulators with a preferably small installation space are needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study describes six versions of novel epicyclic kinematics(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper describes the current level of development of robots for surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This paper is based on a literature search in Pubmed, IEEExplore, CiteSeer and the abstract volumes of the MICCAI 2002, 2003 and 2004, CARS 2003 and 2004, CAOS 2003 and 2004, CURAC 2003 and 2004 and MRNV 2004 meetings. RESULTS Divided into(More)
Soft tissue defects following resectional surgery or trauma often result in deadspaces and require free or pedicled flaps. A programmed formation of filling tissue with enhanced biomechanical properties could be helpful. This study examined the effects on wound healing of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) seeded with autologous fibroblasts in a standardized(More)
In this paper the establishment of an automatic laser application device that reproducibly delivers laser stimuli in a safe, controlled, and reliable manner is presented. Nociceptive stimulation is widely used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments and a number of different methods are employed. One major advantage of laser stimulation(More)
OBJECTIVE To locate the rotational center of the hip joint, CT-less navigation systems for artificial knee-joint replacement use movements of the femur with a rigid body attached. It cannot be assumed that the hip joint provides free mobility at all times. The purpose of the present study was: 1) To build a mechanical model to assess the system's accuracy(More)
BACKGROUND Hernia repair is the most common surgical procedure in the world. Augmentation with synthetic meshes has gained importance in recent decades. Most of the published work about hernia meshes focuses on the surgical technique, outcome in terms of mortality and morbidity and the recurrence rate. Appropriate biomechanical and engineering terminology(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to analyse mechanically and histologically the osteointegration of porous-surfaced ceramic implants made of an alumina matrix composite (AMC) by assessing maximum shear strength and histomorphometric bone ongrowth. METHODS The surfaces of the cylindrically shaped AMC test implants were characterised by a porosity of(More)