Peter Politzer

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Historically, Hammett constants have been extremely effective in describing the influence of substituents on chemical reactivity and other physical and chemical properties, whereas variables derived from quantum chemical calculations have generally been less effective. Taking the experimental pK(a)s of substituted anilines as a representative(More)
It is well-established that many covalently-bonded atoms of Groups IV-VII have directionally-specific regions of positive electrostatic potential (σ-holes) through which they can interact with negative sites. In the case of Group VII, this is called "halogen bonding." We have studied two series of molecules: the F3MX and, for comparison, the H3MX (M = C, Si(More)
The hydrodeoxygenation of methyl-substituted phenols was carried out in a flow microreactor at 300 degrees C and 2.85 MPa hydrogen pressure over a sulfided CoMo/Al(2)O(3) catalyst. The primary reaction products were methyl-substituted benzene, cyclohexene, cyclohexane, and H(2)O. Analysis of the results suggests that two independent reaction paths are(More)
A σ-hole bond is a noncovalent interaction between a covalently-bonded atom of Groups IV-VII and a negative site, e.g. a lone pair of a Lewis base or an anion. It involves a region of positive electrostatic potential, labeled a σ-hole, on the extension of one of the covalent bonds to the atom. The σ-hole is due to the anisotropy of the atom's charge(More)
We describe a procedure for performing quantitative analyses of fields f(r) on molecular surfaces, including statistical quantities and locating and evaluating their local extrema. Our approach avoids the need for explicit mathematical representation of the surface and can be implemented easily in existing graphical software, as it is based on the very(More)
Halogen bonding is a noncovalent interaction that is receiving rapidly increasing attention because of its significance in biological systems and its importance in the design of new materials in a variety of areas, for example, electronics, nonlinear optical activity, and pharmaceuticals. The interactions can be understood in terms of(More)
A halogen bond is a highly directional, electrostatically-driven noncovalent interaction between a region of positive electrostatic potential on the outer side of the halogen X in a molecule R-X and a negative site B, such as a lone pair of a Lewis base or the pi-electrons of an unsaturated system. The positive region on X corresponds to the(More)
In some halides RX, the halogen X has a region of positive electrostatic potential on its outermost portion, centered around the extension of the R-X bond. The electrostatic attraction between this positive region and a lone pair of a Lewis base is termed halogen bonding. The existence and magnitudes of such positive potentials on some covalently bonded(More)
Covalently bonded atoms, at least in Groups V-VII, may have regions of both positive and negative electrostatic potentials on their surfaces. The positive regions tend to be along the extensions of the bonds to these atoms; the origin of this can be explained in terms of the sigma-hole concept. It is thus possible for such an atom in one molecule to(More)
A positive π-hole is a region of positive electrostatic potential that is perpendicular to a portion of a molecular framework. It is the counterpart of a σ-hole, which is along the extension of a covalent bond to an atom. Both σ-holes and π-holes become more positive (a) in going from the lighter to the heavier atoms in a given Group of the periodic table,(More)