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A monoclonal antibody raised against adenovirus E1A-associated cellular proteins recognized Nek9, a NimA-related protein kinase. Subcellular fractionation and immunofluorescence indicated that Nek9 was primarily cytoplasmic with a small portion located in the nucleus whereas E1A was primarily nuclear. Although co-immunoprecipitation experiments indicated(More)
We report the cloning and initial characterization of a novel gene encoding the Disco interacting protein 2 (Dip2). dip2 DNA complementary to RNA (cDNA) showed a high degree of sequence similarity to cDNAs of unknown function previously identified in humans and Caenorhabditis elegans. We have cloned the mouse homolog of the dip2 cDNA and characterized the(More)
The human adenovirus type 5 (HAdV-5) E1A 13S oncoprotein is a potent regulator of gene expression and is used extensively as a model for transcriptional activation. It possesses two independent transcriptional activation domains located in the N-terminus/conserved region (CR) 1 and CR3. The protein acetyltransferase p300 was previously identified by its(More)
We report the identification of the Disco Interacting Protein 1 (DIP1) gene isolated in a yeast interaction trap screen using the zinc finger protein disconnected (disco) as a bait. DIP1 encodes a protein containing two double-stranded RNA binding domains (dsRBD). Consistent with the presence of dsRBD, DIP1 binds dsRNA or structured RNAs in Northwestern(More)
Hub proteins have central roles in regulating cellular processes. By targeting a single cellular hub, a viral oncogene may gain control over an entire module in the cellular interaction network that is potentially comprised of hundreds of proteins. The adenovirus E1A oncoprotein is a viral hub that interacts with many cellular hub proteins by short linear(More)
The largest E1A isoform of human adenovirus (Ad) includes a C-4 zinc finger domain within conserved region 3 (CR3) that is largely responsible for activating transcription of the early viral genes. CR3 interacts with multiple cellular factors, but its mechanism of action is modeled primarily on the basis of the mechanism for the prototype E1A protein of(More)
The Drosophila disconnected (disco) gene is required for the formation of appropriate connections between the larval optic nerve and its target cells in the brain. The disco gene encodes a nuclear protein with two zinc fingers, which suggests that the gene product is a transcription factor. Here, we present data supporting this notion. We find that disco(More)
Viruses are obligate intracellular parasites. Their genomes are not large enough to encode all the functions required to independently produce progeny; hence, viruses are absolutely dependent on host cell functions. Mechanistically, these host cell processes in eukaryotes are founded on an exquisitely complex series of molecular interactions. In particular,(More)
Deregulation of the cell cycle is of paramount importance during adenovirus infection. Adenovirus normally infects quiescent cells and must initiate the cell cycle in order to propagate itself. The pRb family of proteins controls entry into the cell cycle by interacting with and repressing transcriptional activation by the E2F transcription factors. The(More)
The largest isoform of adenovirus early region 1A (E1A) contains a unique region termed conserved region 3 (CR3). This region activates viral gene expression by recruiting cellular transcription machinery to the early viral promoters. Recent studies have suggested that there is an optimal level of E1A-dependent transactivation required by human adenovirus(More)