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We report 8 infants with immediate hypersensitivity reactions to foods (milk, egg, or peanut), occurring at the first-known exposure. Each developed symptoms within the first hour, but these generally settled within 2 hours. Sensitisation to the food concerned was demonstrated by positive immediate allergen skin prick tests in every case. Symptoms(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to: (1) determine if management according to a standardized clinical management pathway/algorithm (compared with usual treatment) improves clinical outcomes by 6 weeks; and (2) assess the reliability and validity of a standardized clinical management pathway for chronic cough in children. METHODS A total of 272(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the neonatal chest radiograph (CXR) at 28 days in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants who develop chronic neonatal lung disease (CNLD) predicts oxygen therapy duration or CXR abnormalities in early childhood. Also, to assess the inter-observer reliability of the radiologists scoring the CXR. METHODOLOGY Clinically well(More)
The aim of this study was to compare aerobic and resistance training in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) admitted to hospital with an intercurrent pulmonary infection with a control group. The subjects were randomized into three groups on the first day of admission. The fat-free mass (FFM) was calculated, using the skin fold thickness from four sites(More)
OBJECTIVE In the past 20 years, there has been an increase in survivors of very preterm birth, but little is known regarding their long-term respiratory and fitness outcomes. We aimed to assess the 10-year lung function and fitness outcomes for children who were born weighing <1000 g and before 32 weeks' gestation in 1992-1994. METHODS A cross-sectional(More)
The following review focuses on the normal development of the lung from conception to birth. The defined periods of lung development-Embryonic, Pseudoglandular, Canalicular, Saccular and Alveolar-will be explored in detail in relation to gestational age. Cellular differentiation, formation of the conducting airways and respiratory zone and development of(More)
The objective of our study was to compare the safety and efficacy of discharging asthmatic children from hospital on three versus four hourly nebulized salbutamol. The setting was a tertiary referral paediatric hospital in Sydney, NSW, Australia. The design was a randomized controlled parallel group study. All children admitted to hospital with acute asthma(More)
AIM To determine how early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis, using neonatal screening, affects long term clinical outcome. METHODS Fifty seven children with cystic fibrosis born before neonatal screening was introduced (1978 to mid 1981) and a further 60 children born during the first three years of the programme (mid 1981 to 1984), were followed up to the(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) with immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) and DeltaF508 analysis followed by sweat testing misses some infants with CF and detects more DeltaF508 carriers than expected. Some of the apparent DeltaF508 carriers may be DeltaF508 compound heterozygotes with normal sweat electrolyte levels. METHODS Infants(More)
Thirty-five egg-sensitive children who received measles immunization without adverse sequelae are described. Thirty-two of the children had a history of immediate hypersensitivity reactions to egg protein, including 22 who developed a generalized reaction after oral exposure to egg. There were also 3 highly allergic children, with immediate hypersensitivity(More)