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The nucleotide sequence of RNA2 of the Fny strain (subgroup 1) of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) was determined and compared at both the nucleic acid and protein level with the previously determined corresponding sequence of RNA 2 of the Q strain (subgroup 2) of CMV. Fny -CMV RNA II 2 consisted of 3050 nucleotides and contained a single open reading frame(More)
BACKGROUND RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RDRs) function in anti-viral silencing in Arabidopsis thaliana and other plants. Salicylic acid (SA), an important defensive signal, increases RDR1 gene expression, suggesting that RDR1 contributes to SA-induced virus resistance. In Nicotiana attenuata RDR1 also regulates plant-insect interactions and is induced by(More)
The 2b protein encoded by Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) has been shown to be a silencing suppressor and pathogenicity determinant in solanaceous hosts, but a movement determinant in cucumber. In addition, synergistic interactions between CMV and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) have been described in several cucurbit species. Here, it was shown that(More)
The ubiquitin/26S proteasome system plays an essential role not only in maintaining protein turnover, but also in regulating many other plant responses, including plant-pathogen interactions. Previous studies highlighted different roles of the 20S proteasome in plant defense during virus infection, either indirectly through viral suppressor-mediated(More)
The stability of hybrid plant viruses that might arise by recombination in transgenic plants was examined using hybrid viruses derived from the viral expression vectors potato virus X (PVX) and tobacco rattle virus (TRV). The potato virus Y (PVY) NIb and HCPro open reading frames (ORFs) were introduced into PVX to generate PVX-NIb and PVX-HCPro, while the(More)
Transgenic potato plants of Solanum tuberosum cultivar Vales Sovereign were generated that expressed fused, tandem, 200 bp segments derived from the capsid protein coding sequences of potato virus Y (PVY strain O) and potato leafroll virus (PLRV), as well as the cylindrical inclusion body coding sequences of potato virus A (PVA), as inverted repeat(More)
Transgenic tobacco showing replicase-mediated resistance against cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) can be infected by the strain K-CMV. By use of chimeric constructs between full-length cDNA clones of RNA2 of strains Fny-CMV and K-CMV, the existence of two independent mechanisms of replicase-mediated resistance against viral replication and movement of Fny-CMV(More)
The nucleotide sequence of RNA 1 of the Fny strain (Subgroup I) of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) was determined and compared at both the nucleic acid and protein levels with the corresponding sequence of RNA 1 of the Q strain (Subgroup II) of CMV. Fny-CMV RNA 1 consisted of 3357 nucleotides and contained a single long open reading frame (ORF) of 2979(More)
The nucleotide sequences of cDNA clones of three chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVd) isolates (one each from the USA, China, and Australia) were determined and analyzed. The sequences of CSVd cDNA clones of the US and Australian isolates were both quasi-species, while the cDNA clones of the Chinese isolate contained only a single variant. A comparison of the(More)
The subcellular distribution of the movement proteins (MPs) of nine alanine-scanning mutants of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and expressed from CMV, was determined by confocal microscopy of infected epidermal cells of Nicotiana tabacum and Nicotiana benthamiana, as well as infected N. benthamiana protoplasts.(More)