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Plant viruses often contain parasites of their own, referred to as satellites. Satellite RNAs are dependent on their associated (helper) virus for both replication and encapsidation. Satellite RNAs vary from 194 to approximately 1,500 nucleotides (nt). The larger satellites (900 to 1,500 nt) contain open reading frames and express proteins in vitro and in(More)
Many scientists, if not all, feel that their particular plant virus should appear in any list of the most important plant viruses. However, to our knowledge, no such list exists. The aim of this review was to survey all plant virologists with an association with Molecular Plant Pathology and ask them to nominate which plant viruses they would place in a(More)
Contrary to a previous report, electron microscopic studies on the Fny strain of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-infected tobacco tissues revealed that plasmodesmata were not structurally modified during CMV infection, nor were virions ever observed in plasmodesmata connecting infected cells. To further explore the basis of CMV infection, experiments were(More)
The cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) 2b protein suppresses RNA silencing and determines viral symptoms. Among Arabidopsis thaliana lines expressing 2b proteins from mild (LS and Q CMV) or severe (Fny CMV) strains, only Fny 2b-transgenic plants displayed strong symptom-like phenotypes in leaves, stems and flowers, together with stunting of main root growth and(More)
The RNA silencing suppressor activity of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) has been variously attributed to its nuclear targeting, its interaction with and inhibition of Argonaute 1 (AGO1), or its ability to bind small RNAs in vitro. In addition, the 2b ortholog of Tomato aspermy virus forms aggregates and binds RNAs in vitro. We have further(More)
Two acidic domains of the Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) coat protein, separated by 55 amino acids and predicted to be adjacent surface features on the virion, were the focus of a mutational analysis. Eleven site-directed mutants were generated from a cloned infectious cDNA of PLRV and delivered to plants by Agrobacterium-mediated mechanical inoculation.(More)
SUMMARY The nucleotide sequence of RNA 1 of the Fny strain (Subgroup I) of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) was determined and compared at both the nucleic acid and protein levels with the corresponding sequence of RNA 1 of the Q strain (Subgroup II) of CMV. Fny-CMV RNA 1 consisted of 3357 nucleotides and contained a single long open reading frame (ORF) of 2979(More)
The requirement for the 17-kDa protein (P17) of Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in virus movement was investigated in four plant species: potato (Solanum tuberosum), Physalis floridana, Nicotiana benthamiana, and N. clevelandii. Two PLRV P17 mutants were characterized, one that does not translate the P17 and another that expresses a P17 missing the first four(More)
Various functions of the cell-to-cell movement protein (MP) of Groundnut rosette virus (GRV) were analysed. The GRV ORF4-encoded protein was shown by immunofluorescence microscopy to generate tubular structures that protrude from the surface of the protoplast. The protein encoded by ORF4 was assessed also for RNA-binding properties. This protein was tagged(More)