Peter P Ruvolo

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BCL-2 proteins are critical for cell survival and are overexpressed in many tumors. ABT-737 is a small-molecule BH3 mimetic that exhibits single-agent activity against lymphoma and small-cell lung cancer in preclinical studies. We here report that ABT-737 effectively kills acute myeloid leukemia blast, progenitor, and stem cells without affecting normal(More)
Recently it has been shown that the potent apoptotic agent ceramide activates a mitochondrial protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and promotes dephosphorylation of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl2 (Ruvolo, P. P., Deng, X., Ito, T., Carr, B. K., and May, W. S. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 20296-20300). In cells expressing Bcl2, dephosphorylation of Bcl2 appears to(More)
The sphingolipid ceramide has proven to be a powerful second-signal effector molecule that regulates diverse cellular processes including apoptosis, cell senescence, the cell cycle, and cellular differentiation. Ceramide has been shown to activate a number of enzymes involved in stress signaling cascades including both protein kinases and protein(More)
The clinical challenge posed by p53 abnormalities in hematological malignancies requires therapeutic strategies other than standard genotoxic chemotherapies. ONC201 is a first-in-class small molecule that activates p53-independent apoptosis, has a benign safety profile, and is in early clinical trials. We found that ONC201 caused p53-independent apoptosis(More)
Ceramide is a sphingolipid that activates stress kinases such as p38 and c-JUN N-Terminal Kinase (JNK). Though Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) derived K562 cells resist killing by short chain C2-ceramide, we report here that longer chain C6-ceramide promotes apoptosis in these cells. C6-ceramide induces cleavage of Caspase-8 and Caspase-9, but only(More)
Ceramide regulates diverse signaling pathways involving cell senescence, the cell cycle, and apoptosis. Ceramide is known to potently activate a number of stress-regulated enzymes, including the c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). Although ceramide promotes apoptosis in human lung cancer-derived A549 cells, a role for JNK in this process is unknown. Here, we(More)
Purpose: The oncogenic miR-155 is upregulated in many human cancers, and its expression is increased in more aggressive and therapy-resistant tumors, but the molecular mechanisms underlying miR-155-induced therapy resistance are not fully understood. The main objectives of this study were to determine the role of miR-155 in resistance to chemotherapy and to(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimer comprising catalytic, scaffold, and regulatory (B) subunits. There are at least 21 B subunit family members. Thus PP2A is actually a family of enzymes defined by which B subunit is used. The B56 family member B56alpha is a phosphoprotein that regulates dephosphorylation of BCL2. The stress kinase PKR has been(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) stimulate macrophages to produce nitric oxide (NO) via inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and activate stress signaling cascades including the c-jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. These events trigger an apoptotic cascade that ultimately results in death. Since JNK regulates pro-apoptotic and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with highly active AKT tend to do poorly. Cell cycle arrest and apoptosis are tightly regulated by AKT via phosphorylation of GSK3α and β isoforms which inactivates these kinases. In the current study we examine the prognostic role of AKT mediated GSK3 phosphorylation in AML. METHODS We analyzed GSK3α/β(More)