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Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation, and invasion. We demonstrate that CAFs also mediate tumor-enhancing inflammation. Using a mouse model of squamous skin carcinogenesis, we found a proinflammatory gene signature in CAFs isolated from dysplastic skin. This signature was(More)
Lipid and carbohydrate homeostasis in higher organisms is under the control of an integrated system that has the capacity to rapidly respond to metabolic changes. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear fatty acid receptors that have been implicated to play an important role in obesity-related metabolic diseases such as(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is a lethal disease. Overall survival is typically 6 months from diagnosis. Numerous phase 3 trials of agents effective in other malignancies have failed to benefit unselected PDA populations, although patients do occasionally respond. Studies in other solid tumors have shown that heterogeneity in response is(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are insulin-sensitizing drugs and are potent agonists of the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma). Although muscle is the major organ responsible for insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, PPAR-gamma is more highly expressed in adipose tissue than in muscle. To address this issue, we used the Cre-loxP(More)
Breast cancer cell lines that express the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ␥ (PPAR␥) can be prompted to undergo growth arrest and differentiation when treated with synthetic PPAR␥ ligands. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of increased PPAR␥ signaling in vivo, we generated transgenic mice that express a constitutively active form of(More)
Glomeruli were isolated from rat kidneys using a passive sieving technique to study the mechanisms of basal and beta-adrenergic stimulated renin release. Glomeruli were enclosed within glass chambers and continuously superfused with Krebs media, or modified Krebs as described below, at a rate of 0.3 ml/min. The chamber effluent was collected in 10-minute(More)
SUMMARY Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation , and invasion. We demonstrate that CAFs also mediate tumor-enhancing inflammation. Using a mouse model of squamous skin carcinogenesis, we found a proinflammatory gene signature in CAFs isolated from dysplastic skin. This signature was(More)
Factors associated with tumor sensitivity to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in the context of wild-type EGFR remain elusive. This study investigates the mechanistic basis of responsiveness to EGFR inhibitors in the RIP1-Tag2 (RT2) mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumorigenesis (PNET). Upon treatment of RT2 mice with EGFR(More)