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Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation, and invasion. We demonstrate that CAFs also mediate tumor-enhancing inflammation. Using a mouse model of squamous skin carcinogenesis, we found a proinflammatory gene signature in CAFs isolated from dysplastic skin. This signature was(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is a lethal disease. Overall survival is typically 6 months from diagnosis. Numerous phase 3 trials of agents effective in other malignancies have failed to benefit unselected PDA populations, although patients do occasionally respond. Studies in other solid tumors have shown that heterogeneity in response is(More)
Lipid and carbohydrate homeostasis in higher organisms is under the control of an integrated system that has the capacity to rapidly respond to metabolic changes. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear fatty acid receptors that have been implicated to play an important role in obesity-related metabolic diseases such as(More)
Breast cancer cell lines that express the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ␥ (PPAR␥) can be prompted to undergo growth arrest and differentiation when treated with synthetic PPAR␥ ligands. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of increased PPAR␥ signaling in vivo, we generated transgenic mice that express a constitutively active form of(More)
SUMMARY Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation , and invasion. We demonstrate that CAFs also mediate tumor-enhancing inflammation. Using a mouse model of squamous skin carcinogenesis, we found a proinflammatory gene signature in CAFs isolated from dysplastic skin. This signature was(More)
Elastin, an important structural protein of the extracellular matrix, confers elastic properties on the pulmonary alveolar interstitium. In the alveolar wall, elastin is primarily produced postnatally by fibroblasts. The mechanisms that regulate lung fibroblast (LF) elastin gene expression have not been completely defined, although both transcriptional and(More)
Factors associated with tumor sensitivity to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in the context of wild-type EGFR remain elusive. This study investigates the mechanistic basis of responsiveness to EGFR inhibitors in the RIP1-Tag2 (RT2) mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumorigenesis (PNET). Upon treatment of RT2 mice with EGFR(More)
Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly lethal malignancy due to its propensity to invade and rapidly metastasize and remains very difficult to manage clinically. One major hindrance towards a better understanding of PDAC is the lack of molecular data sets and models representative of end stage disease. Moreover, it remains unclear how(More)