Peter Olausson

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There are well-established links between impulsivity and alcohol use in humans and other model organisms; however, the etiological nature of these associations remains unclear. This is likely due, in part, to the heterogeneous nature of the construct of impulsivity. Many different measures of impulsivity have been employed in human studies, using both(More)
The current experiments examined the effects of acute or repeated, intermittent administrations of cocaine on the acquisition and reversal of object discriminations by Vervet monkeys in order to test the hypothesis that cocaine treatment affects performance of tasks that depend upon the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala. An acute dose of(More)
Reconsolidation-the stabilization of a memory after retrieval-is hypothesized to be a critical and distinct component of memory processing, the disruption of which results in memory impairment. In the rat, we found that activation of amygdalar protein kinase A (PKA) was sufficient to enhance memory only when it was retrieved; in contrast, PKA inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in cellular survival and plasticity are implicated in the neurobiology of depression, based primarily on the characterization of antidepressant efficacy in naïve rodents rather than on models that capture the debilitating and protracted feelings of anhedonia and loss of motivation that are core features of depression. METHODS In(More)
Repeated exposure to addictive drugs causes neuroadaptive changes in cortico-limbic-striatal circuits that may underlie alterations in incentive-motivational processes and reward-related learning. Such drug-induced alterations may be relevant to drug addiction because enhanced incentive motivation and increased control over behavior by drug-associated(More)
Ethanol shares with all major dependence producing drugs the ability to activate brain mesocorticolimbic dopamine neurons, an important part of the brain reward systems. This dopamine activation may be involved in mediating the positive reinforcing effects of ethanol. The mechanisms of action of ethanol in its activation of this dopamine system remain,(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) regulates dopamine neurotransmission and has been suggested to serve as a homeostatic target of chronic psychostimulant exposure. To study the role of Cdk5 in the modulation of the cellular and behavioral effects of psychoactive drugs of abuse, we developed Cre/loxP conditional knock-out systems that allow temporal and(More)
Alterations in motivation have been implicated in the pathophysiology of several psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse and depression. Repeated exposure to drugs of abuse or stress is known to persistently induce the transcription factor deltaFosB in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and dorsal striatum, effects hypothesized to contribute to(More)
Stimuli associated with a reinforcer (e.g., an addictive drug) can acquire conditioned reinforcing effects. Clinical observations indicate that smoking depends strongly upon conditioned reinforcement (i.e., cues support smoking behavior); however, little is known about the effects of repeated nicotine exposure on these processes. This study investigated the(More)
Drug use disorders are often accompanied by deficits in the capacity to efficiently process reward-related information and to monitor, suppress, or override reward-controlled behavior when goals are in conflict with aversive or immediate outcomes. This emerging deficit in behavioral flexibility and impulse control may be a central component of the(More)