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Nanowire-based devices show great promise for next generation (bio)chemical sensors as evidenced by the large volume of high-quality publications. Here, a nanoscale gas sensing device is presented, based on gold-free grown vertical InAs nanowire arrays. The nanowires are contacted Ohmically in their as-grown locations using an air bridge construction,(More)
The strength of the fern test to differentiate between amniotic and nonamniotic fluid in vaginal discharge was determined in 51 term women in labor with ruptured membranes and compared with that in a group of 120 nonlaboring subjects, presenting with nonspecific vaginal fluid loss. Sensitivity and specificity in the laboring group were 98.0 and 88.2%,(More)
We demonstrate an improvement by more than 1 order of magnitude of the figure of merit (FoM) of plasmonic nanoparticle sensors by means of the diffractive coupling of localized surface plasmon resonances. The coupling in arrays of nanoparticles leads to Fano resonances with narrow line widths known as surface lattice resonances, which are very suitable for(More)
Keywords: Lock-in amplifier Synchronous demodulation Complex impedance measurement Palladium nanowire Hydrogen sensor a b s t r a c t This paper presents a fully integrated lock-in amplifier intended for nanowire gas sensing. The nanowire will change its conductivity according to the concentration of an absorbing gas. To ensure an accurate nanowire(More)
We experimentally demonstrate the active control of the coupling strength between porphyrin dyes and surface plasmon polaritons supported by a thin gold layer. This control is externally exerted by a gas flow and is reversible. The hybridized exciton-polariton branches resulting from the exciton-plasmon coupling display a splitting proportional to the(More)
We demonstrate that the soft nature of organic semiconductors can be exploited to directly measure the potential distribution inside such an organic layer by scanning-tunneling microscope (STM) based spectroscopy. Keeping the STM feedback system active while reducing the tip-sample bias forces the tip to penetrate the organic layer. From an analysis of the(More)
We report the direct measurement of the persistent current carried by a single electron by means of magnetization experiments on self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum rings. We measured the first Aharonov-Bohm oscillation at a field of 14 T, in perfect agreement with our model based on the structural properties determined by cross-sectional scanning tunneling(More)
The sensitivity of quasi-free standing epitaxial graphene for NH3 detection is strongly enhanced by chemical functionalization with cobalt porphyrins resulting in a detection limit well below 100 ppb. Hybridization between NH3 and cobalt porphyrins induces a charge transfer to graphene and results in a shift of the graphene Fermi-level as detected by Hall(More)
We demonstrate the excitation of guided modes in thin layers of strongly absorbing chalcogenide glasses. These modes are similar to surface plasmon polaritons in terms of resonance width and shift with changes in the permittivity of the surrounding medium. We exploit these characteristics to demonstrate a high sensitivity chalcogenide glass refractive index(More)
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