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Herpesviruses are DNA viruses harboring the capacity to establish lifelong latent-recurrent infections. There is limited knowledge about viruses targeting the innate DNA-sensing pathway, as well as how the innate system impacts on the latent reservoir of herpesvirus infections. In this article, we report that murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV68), in contrast(More)
We demonstrate that the immediate early 175K protein (IE175K) of herpes simplex virus type 1 binds to the cap site of the latency-associated promoter (LAP) in an unusual manner. The complex formed on the LAP cap site was significantly larger than that formed on the IE175K cap site and the requirements for binding were qualitatively distinct with respect to(More)
We show that the HSV-1 structural protein VP22 has the remarkable property of intercellular transport, which is so efficient that following expression in a subpopulation the protein spreads to every cell in a monolayer, where it concentrates in the nucleus and binds chromatin. VP22 movement was observed both after delivery of DNA by transfection or(More)
The differentiation of stem cells into multi-lineages is essential to aid the development of tissue engineered materials that replicate the functionality of their tissue of origin. For this study, Raman spectroscopy was used to monitor the formation of a bone-like apatite mineral during the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) towards an(More)
VP16-H is an essential structural protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and is also a potent activator of virus immediate-early (IE) gene expression. Current models of functional determinants within VP16-H indicate that it consists of two domains, an N-terminal domain involved in recruiting VP16-H to a multicomponent DNA binding complex with two(More)
Composites of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) of varied functionality (unfunctionalised and carboxyl and amine functionalised) with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) were prepared for use as a bone cement. The MWCNT loadings ranged from 0.1 to 1.0 wt.%. The fatigue properties of these MWCNT-PMMA bone cements were characterised at MWCNT loading levels of(More)
The Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1)-encoded ICP22 protein plays an important role in viral infection and affects expression of host cell genes. ICP22 is known to reduce the global level of serine (Ser)2 phosphorylation of the Tyr1Ser2Pro3Thr4Ser5Pro6Ser7 heptapeptide repeats comprising the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of the large subunit of RNA polymerase(More)
To investigate potential interplay between the SUMO1 (small ubiquitin-related modifier-1) and ubiquitin pathways of post-translational protein modification, we examined aspects of their localization and conjugation status during proteasome inhibition. Our results indicate that these pathways converge upon the discrete sub-nuclear domains known as PML(More)
In addition to transmission involving extracellular free particles, a generally accepted model of virus propagation is one wherein virus replicates in one cell, producing infectious particles that transmit to the next cell via cell junctions or induced polarized contacts. This mechanism of spread is especially important in the presence of neutralizing(More)
The role of titanium dioxide (TiO2) as a means to engender enhanced stability into calcium phosphate (Ca-P) coatings has been well recognised. Several different methods have been used to create such Ca-P/TiO2 hybrid layers on a range of substrates. This paper reports the properties of a Ca-P/TiO2 system created by the sputter deposition of hydroxyapatite(More)